Are Robots Going to Look After You When You Get Old?

Are Robots Going to Look After You When You Get Old

The world’s population is rapidly growing older. The National Institute on Aging suggests that by 2050, 1.5 billion people will be aged 65 or over. This trend is also dramatically changing the ratio of older individuals to individuals under the age of 65. This is important because those in the profession of elderly care are generally under the age of 65.

Considering these projections, it makes sense that some aspects of care might need to be outsourced to robots to alleviate the scarcity of human caregivers and provide a safer and healthier life for the elderly.

Market demand to create robots that will care for baby boomers as they retire are well under way, and some are already commercially available.

From a ‘Smart Home’ to an Assistant

The development of sensors and devices that could monitor an individual, track health and activity, and signal if there is potential danger was already being considered as early as the early 90s. A simple bed sensor, for example, could detect if a person got out of bed during the night but did not get back in, prompting the need to check if everything was okay. 

The concept of the ‘smart home’ – a wireless system of environmental sensors that provides information on a person’s movements and connects home devices and appliances – is a well-established concept now thanks to the “Internet of Things.” However, over the past couple years, assistive technology has become more sophisticated and elaborate. For instance, consider wheeled videoconferencing systems that can be piloted remotely, combining elements of a smart home with humanistic aspects of care that also include sensors for biometric tracking.

The GiraffPlus Project was an EU-funded initiative that explored the use of this type of robotics with elderly people. It is believed to have had an impact on the future developments of social-care system in Europe.

‘Meals on Wheels’, Literally

Korean robotics company Yujin developed a robot called GoCart that is intended to deliver meals in elderly care facilities and hospitals.

The company’s blog suggests they are still working on some improvements to increase the robot’s navigation accuracy and safety, but Yujin believes eventually its robots will be able to take over at meal times and free caregivers for other more important duties. GoCart is able to do delivery and recovery tasks, monitor the world around it and talk to other GoCarts. It is operated easily and gives patients great control over their environment. For instance, an individual can order snacks via their smartphone and have them delivered. Yujin advises that robots will be affordable, saving both time and money as well as becoming a viable option for many health-care institutions.

Robots with a Heart

In the near future, robots won’t lend only a mechanical helping hand. Increasingly, they are being designed to also cater to people’s emotional needs and act as companions.

In Japan, famous for its aging population and advanced robotics technology, a particular push was made to create communication robots for elderly with cognitive disabilities such as dementia. These robots can assist people with daily activities, medication adherence and scheduling, as well as provide some meaningful interaction.

PARO (Daiwa House Industry), Pepper (SoftBank) and PARLO (Fujisoft) are some of the most famous communication robots available in Japan.

PARO, a furry, seal-like robot programmed to bond with its owner and produce human-like emotions has been used as a therapeutic tool with people with autism and dementia. This year, SoftBank launched the sale of Pepper – the world’s first robot that reads emotions and also generates its own based on facial expressions, words and surroundings. For example, Pepper is happy when he receives praise, and his emotions manifest visually through a heart display that changes different colors based on its mood.

Robots are increasingly becoming more humanized. Nonetheless, the question remains as to whether robots can really replace human caregivers. And moreover, would you want a non-human to look after you? Opinions among the elderly appear divided, but if a manpower shortage in the health-care industry continues, we might quickly become more grateful and accepting of artificial assistants to augment our care.

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