First Aid Emergency Preparedness Are You Cut Out to Give First Aid? See if you're prepared to handle a medical emergency By Rod Brouhard, EMT-P | Reviewed by Richard N. Fogoros, MD Updated June 08, 2016 Share Pin Email More in First Aid Emergency Preparedness Legal Diabetic Emergencies Basics Symptoms Bites and Stings Orthopedic Emergencies Soft Tissue Injuries Breathing Emergencies First Aid at Home Allergies and Anaphylaxis Infections Calling for Help Heat and Cold Exposure Pediatric Emergencies Glossary View All 1. You pour yourself a steamy cup of joe and walk into your coworker. Scalding hot coffee spills all over her hand. You... Fill a bowl with ice and tell her to put her hand in it. Hold the burned area under cool running water for 10 minutes. Rub the burned area with oil or butter. Correct Wrong Even though your coworker's burn hurts, it's likely minor. The most soothing initial treatment is to hold it under cool running water. Ice might be too cold, further damaging the skin and tissues in the area, and applying butter or oil can actually increase risk of infection! 2. You're waiting in line at the grocery store and the shopper next to you passes out. He's unconscious! You call 911... After you administer CPR. As soon as you realize that he's unconscious. After you take his pulse and shake him to see if he wakes up. Correct Wrong It's safest to call 911 as soon as you realize the person is unconscious. Since you don't know why he passed out, don't try everything you know to help save him! 3. You're enjoying dinner with your friend and she goes into anaphylactic shock. You get an EpiPen out of her bag and... Pull off the safety cap, place the needle against the fleshy outer thigh, push the auto-injector, then remove. Break it in half and have her drink the medicine inside. Pull off the safety cap, place the needle anywhere her skin is exposed, push the auto-injector, then remove. Correct Wrong The outer thigh is the correct location for EpiPen administration. An EpiPen should be used as an auto-injector and no other way! 4. Ouch, your friend just sliced his finger while cutting an apple in the kitchen. Blood is pouring out! You... Grab the old kitchen rag hanging on the wall and wrap it around the finger. Quickly find a clean cloth or tissue and apply pressure on the cut until the bleeding stops. Wrap a towel under the cut to stop blood from reaching the open gash. Correct Wrong You want to use a clean cloth to reduce the risk of infection to the open wound and apply pressure to the wound to stop the bleeding. An old kitchen rag is probably not the cleanest option. 5. The man waiting for the train next to you is jamming to music... wait, no. He's having a seizure! You... Take action and try to hold him down to reduce the seizure. Force your fingers in his mouth and hold his tongue. Try to guide him gently to the floor if it looks like he might fall off the seat and hurt himself. Correct Wrong If it looks like the person might fall or hurt themselves, do your best to gently get them to the floor and lay them on their side. You can do this after the seizure stops, too. Holding the person down might hurt both of you, and never put anything in their mouth to reduce the risk of choking and you getting bitten! 6. You're having a grand time camping with your friends, but one of them suddenly gets bitten by a snake. You... Cover the bitten area with a clean cloth and go to the emergency room as soon as possible. Suck the bitten area to remove the snake venom. Cut the area with a knife. Correct Wrong No, you shouldn't suck the snake venom because that puts YOU at risk of absorbing the venom. And cutting the area with a knife can damage surrounding nerves and tendons. Instead, try to remember the pattern of the snake that did the biting and get to an emergency room as quickly as you can! 7. Your work team is having a meeting and out of nowhere your nose starts bleeding. You should... Pinch your nose and lean your head back to stop the bleeding. Pinch your nose and lean forward. Blow your nose. Correct Wrong Even though nose bleeding is a medical emergency if it lasts longer than 5 or 6 minutes, you should still try to stop it as soon as possible. The best way to do that is to pinch your nose and lean forward. Leaning your head back might cause additional danger! 8. You're having fun dancing with your best friend at home but she danced a bit too hard and sprained her ankle. You... Apply a cold compress. Try to twist her ankle until it feels good. Apply a hot compress. Correct Wrong A hot compress might seem intuitive in this case, but it will only cause more inflammation. Instead, a cold compress will reduce swelling and any pain your friend feels. Make sure to hold it on for about 10 minutes! 9. What a nice picnic you're having! It would be perfect if it wasn't for that bee that stung your friend. You need to... Remove the bee stinger. Avoid touching the stinger until you can get more help. Suck the bitten area to remove the venom from the stinger. Correct Wrong Removing a bee stinger is more about how quickly you do it, not how you do it. You want to remove it as soon as possible to reduce any reaction to the bee venom. Simply pulling it out or brushing it off does the trick. 10. Your friend starts choking while eating. You're ready to perform the Heimlich maneuver, but remember that... It's not always necessary. You should quickly assess if the person can still talk first. The person needs to be laying down for the maneuver to be effective. You need to give the person water first to help soften whatever is lodged in their throat. Correct Wrong Most people don't know that the Heimlich maneuver isn't always necessary. It's only needed if the person is turning blue because their airway is completely obstructed. Otherwise, a simple cough will help dislodge whatever's stuck. And be careful with water! It can actually fill up any remaining space within the airway (which might then make the Heimlich necessary). Are You Cut Out to Give First Aid? You got: % Correct. You're A Newbie With Potential ML Harris/The Image Bank/Getty Images We can tell you don't know your first aid basics too well — and that's OK! Don't be rough on yourself, nobody expects you to know everything. We know you have potential though, and really, it doesn't hurt to know what to do in a medical emergency. They can happen at any time and you should be prepared. After all, it's not too difficult to accidentally slice a finger or spill scalding hot coffee on your hand. You won't have time to panic when you're busy helping in these common situations. You'll be a hero and your friends will be so grateful to have you around! THIS TOOL DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. It is intended for informational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional medical consultation, diagnosis or treatment. Share Your Results Share Pin Tweet Are You Cut Out to Give First Aid? You got: % Correct. You're Still in Training HeroImagesCLOSED/Hero Images/Getty Images Have you been hitting the books? It's obvious that you know a thing or two about basic first aid... but we wouldn't trust you to handle all medical emergencies quite yet. There are a few first aid facts you should brush up on. You got at least half the questions correct though, so you're doing something right. Just keep at it! Before you know it, you'll be as good as the pros. You'll be able to provide care and comfort in a medical emergency — at least until more medical help arrives. Think CPR, or stopping excessive bleeding. If that sounds like something you want to learn how to do, keep reading. THIS TOOL DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. It is intended for informational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional medical consultation, diagnosis or treatment. Share Your Results Share Pin Tweet Are You Cut Out to Give First Aid? You got: % Correct. You're As Good as the Pros Mike Powell/Stone/Getty Images How many lives have you helped save? Don't be humble, you definitely know your first aid facts! Anyone in a medical emergency would be lucky and grateful to have you around. Hey, maybe you should consider actually going pro. First aid responders know the most helpful life-saving techniques, such as CPR and how to stop excessive bleeding. In the case of a medical emergency, they're the ones that offer care and comfort until more medical help arrives. Sounds like something you can do, since you know so much about first aid! THIS TOOL DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. It is intended for informational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional medical consultation, diagnosis or treatment. Share Your Results Share Pin Tweet Up Next Up Next Article Epi-Pen Versus Auvi-Q For the Treatment of Anaphylaxis Up Next List How to Use an EpiPen During an Allergy Attack Up Next Article Learn How to Safely Dispose of Your EpiPen Up Next Article What Insect Stung Me?