Bladder and Urination Problems in Men

What All Men Should Know About Their Bladder Health

Two businessmen at urinals, one looking over other's shoulder
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Bladder and urination problems can strike men of any age for a number of reasons. Here are some common issues in men and what can be done to regain normal bladder and urination health.

Decreased Urine Output

Decreased urine output is a result of the body producing less urine than normal. It can be caused by dehydration, urinary tract blockage from an enlarged prostate or medicines such as diuretics, certain antibiotics and anticholinergics.

In rare cases, it can be a result of blood loss, severe infection or other medical condition.

Bladder Stones

Bladder stones occur almost entirely in men, and are not the same thing as kidney stones, and are much less common. They are caused by a concentration of urine in the bladder that causes the formation of crystals. Bladder stones can block the flow of urine from the bladder, and may irritate the bladder lining. Symptoms include: blood in the urine, difficulty urinating or frequent urge to urinate, abnormally colored urine, interruption of the urine stream and pain and discomfort in the penis.

Stress Urinary Incontinence

More common in women but also occurring in men, stress incontinence occurs when muscles meant to control your ability to hold your urine become weak. Stress incontinence can occur during physical activity or from exertion, such as coughing, sneezing, laughing and lifting heavy objects.

Bladder Cancer

Bladder cancer is the sixth most common type of cancer in the U.S., and occurs in the lining of the bladder. A frequent urge to urinate or painful urination are two symptoms that could signal you have bladder cancer. Males, as well as older adults, caucasians and people with a family history of the disease are most at risk for developing bladder cancer.


Urethritis is the inflammation of the urethra, which carries urine out of the body. It can be caused by bacteria and viruses, including same bacteria responsible for urinary tract infections and some sexually transmitted diseases. Men ages 20 to 35 are at a higher risk than other men, as are those who have had many sexual partners and a history of risky sexual behavior and sexually transmitted diseases. If you have urethritis, you may experience a burning pain while you pee.

Urinary Tract Infection

About four times as many women as men get urinary tract infections (UTIs), and are the second most common type of infection in the body. If you experience pain or burning when you urinate, an urge to urinate often, urine that has a bad smell or looks reddish or cloudy, pain in your back or side and fever or tiredness, you may have a UTI. Your doctor can determine this with a urine sample, and UTIs can be treated with antibiotics.

Other Issues

Other potential bladder and urination problems in men include:

  • Painful Urination
  • Difficulty with Flow
  • Excessive Urination at Night
  • Frequent or Urgent Urination
  • Abnormal Color in Urine
  • Blood in Urine
  • Bladder Outlet Obstruction
  • Nephrolithiasis
  • Urethral Stricture
  • Urge Incontinence

For more information about bladder and urination problems, check out these other helpful resources:

6 Tips for Keeping Your Urinary System Healthy

Do You Have Urinary Tract Infection Symptoms?

Health Risks of Obesity: Incontinence

How Cold Medicine Can Affect Your Pee

MS Urinary Symptoms Are Common But Treatable

Urinary Incontinence and Sudden Loss of Bladder Control

When IBS and Bladder Problems Happen at the Same Time


U.S. National Library of Medicine. (2014, June 27). Bladder Cancer: MedlinePlus. Retrieved March 28, 2016.

U.S. National Library of Medicine. (2014, June 2). Bladder Stones: MedlinePlus. Retrieved March 28, 2016.

U.S. National Library of Medicine. (2015, February 2). Stress urinary incontinence: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. Retrieved March 28, 2016.

U.S. National Library of Medicine. (2014, September 29). Urethritis: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. Retrieved March 28, 2016

U.S. National Library of Medicine. (n.d.). Urinary Tract Infections: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. Retrieved March 28, 2016

U.S. National Library of Medicine. (2013, December 27). Urine output - decreased: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. Retrieved March 28, 2016

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