Psychology Psychosocial Theories Can You Identify the Stages of Psychosocial Development? Let's see how well you know Erikson's psychosocial stages. By Kendra Cherry | Reviewed by a board-certified physician Updated February 09, 2016 Share Pin Email More in Psychology Psychosocial Theories Basics Personality Development Cognitive Psychology Developmental Psychology Behavioral Theories History Personality Psychology Leadership Psychotherapy Neuroscience and Biological Psychology Branches Social Psychology For Students Glossary View All 1. Which is an example of the autonomy versus shame and doubt stage? An infant chewing on a teething ring A preschooler insisting on picking out her own clothes, no matter how mismatched they are A middle-schooler completing a challenging math assignment A teenager trying out new fashions and hairstyles Correct Wrong Autonomy versus shame and doubt is the second stage of psychosocial development. It centers on developing a sense of independence and control. For example, Jane is almost three years old and insists on dressing herself each morning for preschool, even though she generally selects mismatching outfits, misses buttons, and wears her shoes on the wrong feet. When her mother tries to dress Jane or fix her outfit, Jane brushes her mother off and insists on doing it herself. Giving kids the chance to perform actions on their own, even if they make mistakes, is an important part of this stage. 2. The central theme of Erikson’s theory of psychosocial stages was the development of: Personality Psychosocial conflict Social status Ego identity Correct Wrong Erikson described ego identity as the conscious sense of self that people develop through their social interaction at each stage of development. Because these experiences are ongoing and changing, the ego identity is ever-evolving throughout the course of a person's life. At every stage of development, people face new challenges that can either strengthen or weaken their ego identity. 3. What do people face during each psychosocial stage that can serve as a turning point in development? Epiphany Conflict Paradigm shift Turmoil Correct Wrong Erikson believed that people face some sort of developmental conflict at each stage of development. Successfully mastering the conflict leads to the development of psychological virtues that contribute to future growth. Failing to resolve a conflict during any stage can lead to problems that will plague the individual for a lifetime. 4. The stage that occurs between birth and one year of age is concerned with: Trust vs. Mistrust Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt Initiative vs. Guilt Identity vs. Role Confusion Correct Wrong The first stage of development occurs during the first year of life and centers of developing a sense of trust in the world. Children with reliable and responsive caregivers will develop a sense of trust in the people and world around them, while those who do not receive responsive care may be left with feelings of distrust. 5. How many stages of psychosocial development did Erikson describe? Four Eight Ten Twelve Correct Wrong Erikson described eight different stages of psychosocial development. Five of these stages take place during childhood and adolescence while the remaining three stages span the years of early adulthood, middle adulthood and old age. 6. The crisis that arises in young adulthood is concerned with: Trust vs. Mistrust Industry vs. Inferiority Integrity vs. Despair Intimacy vs. Isolation Correct Wrong The sixth stage of Erikson's theory is concerned with intimacy versus isolation and take place between approximately age 19 and 40. The focus of this stage is on forming intimate and committed relationships with other people. Romantic relationships are important, but friendships and other familial relationships are also important. 7. Erik Erikson’s interest in identity developed as a result of: Discovering his parents had lied to him about his parentage His studies of the midlife crisis His studies with psychoanalyst Anna Freud All of the above Correct Wrong Erikson often felt confused about his identity. He was teased for his blonde, Nordic looks at his Jewish temple school, while at grammar school he felt rejected because of his Jewish background. It was only later that he learned that the man he believed to be his father was actually his step-father. Later in adulthood, he changed his last name to Erikson as a way of forging his own identity. 8. Which of the individual's below is in the identity versus confusion stage? Correct Wrong Identity versus role confusion takes place during the adolescent years and is centered on developing a personal identity. Kids at this age often explore different roles, interest, behaviors and identities as they discover who they are. 9. If a child struggles to do well in school, what problem might emerge? Struggle with feelings of inferiority Experience a sense of guilt Develop a poor self-identity Begin to mistrust the people around him Correct Wrong The fifth stage of psychosocial development centers on the conflict between industry and inferiority. Kids who receive encouragement as they master new tasks will emerge with a sense of competency and confidence. Children who struggle with important tasks such as schoolwork and social relationships may be left with feelings of inferiority. For example, eight-year old Steven has a difficult time making friends at school. He has trouble completing his schoolwork accurately and on time, and as a result, receives little positive feedback from his teacher and parents. He may be left with little confidence in his abilities and poor self-confidence. 10. Successfully completing the eighth stage of psychosocial development leads to the emergence of what quality? Hope Fidelity Purpose Wisdom Correct Wrong The central conflict in the eighth stage of Erikson’s theory focuses on integrity vs. despair and involves reflecting back on your life. Those who are unsuccessful at resolving this conflict will look back with regret, anger, and bitterness. Those who are successful will feel a sense of satisfaction with the life they have lived. According to Erikson, those who are successful in this stage emerge with a sense of wisdom. Can You Identify the Stages of Psychosocial Development? You got: % Correct. You're a Psychosocial Expert! Hero Images / Getty Images You are a whiz when it comes to psychosocial development! Not only do you have a solid understanding of the eight stages of development, you also understand how Erikson formulated some of his most critical ideas. Of course, there is always more to learn. You can deepen your understanding of this topic further by learning a bit more about Erik Erikson's life as well as how his psychosocial theory compares to Freud's psychosexual theory. THIS TOOL DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. It is intended for informational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional medical consultation, diagnosis or treatment. Share Your Results Share Pin Tweet Can You Identify the Stages of Psychosocial Development? You got: % Correct. You Did Pretty Well! PeopleImages / DigitalVision / Getty Images It's clear that you have learned a bit about Erikson's theory of psychosocial development, but perhaps you could use a bit of a refresher course on some of the details. Start by reviewing each of the eight stages and be sure to check out this handy summary chart outlining some of the major events of each stage. With just a little extra studying, you will be well on your way toward acing your psychosocial development exam! THIS TOOL DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. It is intended for informational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional medical consultation, diagnosis or treatment. Share Your Results Share Pin Tweet Can You Identify the Stages of Psychosocial Development? You got: % Correct. You Need to Study a Bit More Seb Oliver / Image Source / Getty Images It looks like you could use a bit more study time before you are ready to take that big psychosocial development exam. Fortunately, we have plenty of resources that can help. Learning some more about the eight stages of Erikson's theory can help you on your path to understanding psychosocial development. Start by learning a bit more about the life of Erik Erikson and then be sure to check out this handy summary chart outlining some of the major events of each stage of development. THIS TOOL DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. It is intended for informational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional medical consultation, diagnosis or treatment. Share Your Results Share Pin Tweet Up Next Up Next Article What Happens During Stage 4 of Psychosocial Development? Up Next Article Identity vs. Role Confusion: Psychosocial Stage 5 Up Next List The 8 Stages of Human Development Up Next Article What Is a Conflict During Psychosocial Development?