How Chlamydia Symptoms Present in Men

A Common and Curable Sexually Transmitted Disease

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Chlamydia is a common sexually transmitted bacterial infection. It is the most frequently reported infectious disease in the United States and is most common in people age 24 years and younger.

Chlamydia infections in men often exhibit no symptoms (it is sometimes referred to as a "silent" infection), and so they may not know they are infected unless they are tested, or they are notified by their partner of infection.

 If untreated, chlamydia does not often lead to long-term problems in men; however, it can lead to epididymitis, which is the inflammation of tubes in the testicles causing pain, fever, and swelling. Left untreated, epididymitis can cause lasting harm, including infertility. In some rare cases, untreated chlamydia can lead to reactive arthritis (painful swelling of the joints).

Untreated chlamydia in women can be more dangerous. Chlamydia can cause pelvic inflammatory disease resulting, in some cases, in infertility. Women can also suffer long-term pelvic pain. Untreated infection during pregnancy is associated with ectopic pregnancy and premature delivery.

Symptoms of chlamydia show up one to three weeks after exposure. When chlamydia produces no symptoms, and so they may not know they are infected unless they are tested, or they are notified by their partner of infection.

If untreated, chlamydia does not often lead to long-term problems in men; however, it can lead to

  • Discharge from penis that is greenish-yellow, thick, cloudy or watery
  • Painful urination and/or ejaculation
  • Rectal discharge, pain or bleeding
  • Inflamed and irritated eyes 
  • Joint inflammation
  • Sore throat
  • Increase in frequency of urination
  • Inflammation and pain in the testicles
  • Burning and itching around the opening of the penis

    Facts about Chlamydia

    • Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted disease.
    • Chlamydia is the most commonly diagnosed sexual infection in men.
    • Chlamydia is caused by a bacteria called Chlamydia trachomatis.
    • Chlamydia is the most frequently reported bacterial sexually transmitted disease in the United States.
    • In 2005, a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) survey found as many as 1 in 20 teenage girls and women and more than 2% of the general population in America are infected with chlamydia.
    • More than 2.8 million new cases of chlamydia are reported in the US every year. Many more cases are unreported, undetected and untreated.
    • Chlamydia is easy to pass on during unprotected sexual contact.
    • Chlamydia can be transmitted during vaginal, anal, or oral sex.
    • Chlamydia can be passed from an infected mother to her baby during vaginal childbirth.
    • It is estimated that about 50 percent of men and 70% of women who have chlamydia have no symptoms.

    Women's signs and symptoms of chlamydia may include an increase in vaginal discharge, pain on passing urine and the need to go more frequently.

    Lower abdominal pain and irregular bleeding.

    Tests for Chlamydia

    Chlamydia is diagnosed by either a urine test or by taking a swab sample from a site such as the penis or cervix.

    Treatment for Chlamydia

    Chlamydia infections are easily treated with antibiotics.

    It is important if you have chlamydia that you abstain from sexual intercourse until you and your sexual partner(s) have completed treatment. If you do not, you are likely to get re-infected.

    Chlamydia and Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) Prevention

    Practice safer sex by using latex condoms to reduce your risk of getting chlamydia

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