How to Cope When Your Loved One with Dementia Doesn't Recognize You

The Loss of Recognition in Dementia

Has your loved one forgotten who you are? Have you become just a familiar face to her? Or, worse yet, is she asking who the man in her house is or yelling at the "stranger" to leave? Or is she screaming and hitting you when you try to give her a hug?

It's not uncommon in the middle and later stages of Alzheimer's disease for people to lose the ability to remember and recognize others.

Sometimes, this loss is limited to the inability to recall the name of the person or the exact relationship. A wife might accidentally call her son by her husband's name, or think that a regular caregiver is her daughter. A father might point to the picture of his daughter with affection but not be able to tell you what her name is.

Other times, these changes are accompanied with anxiety, agitation, paranoia, delusions, and combativeness- making the grief of watching someone battle Alzheimer's palpable.

Why Does This Happen?

There are several possibilities for why your loved one doesn't recognize you anymore. Here are a few:

Memory Loss: Because Alzheimer's damages the brain, memory declines. Depending on where the damage is in the brain, facial recognition and the ability to recall names, events and fundamental information can become impaired. Changes in the brain are the most common reason why your loved one doesn't seem to recognize you.

Paranoia and Delusions: Sometimes, a psychological change occurs in dementia and paranoia or delusions develop. These irrational thoughts and feelings can cause the person to fear you and believe untrue things about you, even if they do recognize you.

Delirium: If this change in the ability to recognize you is sudden, be sure to contact her physician since it's possible she may be experiencing an infection or medication interaction that is causing delirium.

Vision Loss: Occasionally, a person with dementia experiences a significant decline in vision and it goes unnoticed. Perhaps you haven't taken your loved one to an eye doctor for a few years because it's a difficult process. It's possible that she can't see you well enough to recognize you.

Tips on Coping

Acknowledge the Loss: As with other grieving processes, it's okay, and sometimes even necessary, to let yourself grieve this decline in your loved one. You don't have to be stoic, even if you've read up on what to expect and you know the change is coming.

Give Credit where Credit Is Due: Remind yourself that this is due to the disease process and not a choice by your loved one. It's the Alzheimer's disease, vascular dementia, Lewy body dementia or other type of dementia that should take the credit/responsibility for the loss of ability in your loved one. When he remembers your sister's name and not yours, try not to take it personally, even it it hurts your feelings. Blame the disease.

Respond Gently: When your loved one doesn't remember you, your goal is to decrease his anxiety or worries, not increase them by pointing out that you've been married to him for 50 years and asking why he doesn't love you anymore.

Instead, you can try to change the subject or sing a favorite song with him.

Validation Therapy: If your wife continually refers to you as her father, ask her to tell you about her dad, what she misses about him, what he looked like, what he did as a job, and what she loved about him. Give her the opportunity to share her memories of him, rather than try to force the issue and make her identify and remember you.

Photos and Videos: Show your loved one older pictures of family and friends to reminisce together. It's likely that she will remember more from long ago and this exercise may sometimes trigger her to recall more recent items as well.

Seek Medical Help: If your loved one's inability to recognize or remember others is making her (NOT you) feel anxious and frequently distressed, if her paranoia is affecting her eating or sleeping, or if she is fearful of you to the point of becoming dangerous to herself or others around her, call her physician. There may be appropriate medications or other treatments that can address the cause of these behaviors and decrease her distress. While a physician won't be able to reverse her dementia, medical treatment can improve the quality of life for both of you.

Source:

Alzheimer's Association. Memory Loss and Confusion. Accessed June 27, 2014. http://www.alz.org/care/dementia-memory-loss-problems-confusion.asp

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