Cup Feeding and the Breastfed Infant

An Alternative Feeding Method

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What is Cup Feeding?

Cup feeding is an alternative feeding method that is used to provide a supplement to a breastfed baby. If you and your child can be together and your baby is able to latch on well, an alternative feeding method should not be used. When possible, it is always best to breastfeed. However, cup feeding may be a good choice when:

Cup feeding in not a new technique. It has been used around the world for centuries, and it's considered a safe way to feed young infants, even when they're premature. By choosing to use a cup to supplement your baby instead of bottle, you may be able to prevent your child from developing a preference for the bottle or artificial nipples. This may make it easier to transition to breastfeeding once your baby is able to latch on and nurse.

Small cups that have soft, round rims and open tops are used for cup feedings. The one-ounce medicine cups that are found in hospitals can be used for premature infants who are taking small amounts of breast milk at each feeding.

For older babies, a larger cup will be needed. However, cups with tops and spouts are not recommended since they are more like bottles.

Cup feeding is not difficult to do, but it is still a skill. As a parent or a caregiver, you must learn how to safely cup feed your baby, and your child must learn how to drink from the cup.

It's important that the contents of the cup are not poured into the baby's mouth. Instead, the baby can learn to use his tongue to slowly take the supplement into his mouth and then swallow it. You should not try to cup feed your baby without first talking to your health care provider and learning the proper technique.

The Advantages of Cup Feeding

  • Cup feeding can provide a feeding without the use of a bottle. This may help to avoid “nipple confusion” and the development of a bottle preference.
  • It is more sanitary than finger feeding.
  • It is not as time-consuming as finger feeding.
  • Cup feeding can lead to more successful breastfeeding and the continuation of breastfeeding for a longer period of time.

The Disadvantages of Cup Feeding

  • Unlike a nursing supplementer device, cup feeding does not provide any stimulation to the breasts to build and maintain a breast milk supply.
  • It is not as easy, or as convenient, as bottle feeding.
  • It doesn't provide the suck training that finger feeding or a nursing supplementer device encourage.
  • It should only be used as a short-term feeding method.

Sources:

Lawrence, Ruth A., MD, Lawrence, Robert M., MD. Breastfeeding A Guide For The Medical Profession Seventh Edition.  Mosby. 2011.

Newman, Jack, MD, Pitman, Theresa. The Ultimate Breastfeeding Book of Answers. Three Rivers Press. New York. 2006.

Riordan, J., and Wambach, K. Breastfeeding and Human Lactation Fourth Edition. Jones and Bartlett Learning. 2014.

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