Dictionary for Letter M Contraception Words

Contraception Dictionary

Curious to know the definition of a specific contraception term?

Dictionary for contraception words that begin with the Letter M.
(Need definitions of terms that start with different letters? See the last entry on this list for a link to my complete Contraception Dictionary.)

Machine Vacuum Aspiration Abortion:

Machine Vacuum Aspiration. STOCK4B/Getty Images

The machine vacuum aspiration is an option early abortion option. It can be used 5 to 12 weeks after your last menstrual period. During this quick procedure, a cannula (hollow tube) is inserted into the cervix and is attached by tubing to a bottle and a pump. The pump lightly suctions the contents of the uterus. Recovery is quick, and this procedure has a very high success rate.

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Manual Aspiration Abortion:

Manual Aspiration Abortion. Kevin Curtis/Getty Images

Manual aspiration is another procedure that can end an early pregnancy (an abortion option available 5 to 12 weeks after your last period). Your doctor will use a hand-held syringe to create suction, and the whole procedure usually takes 5 to 15 minutes.

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Medical Abortion:

Medical Abortion. Photo © 2015 Dawn Stacey

A medical abortion is an early abortion option when medication(s) are used to end a pregnancy (after a pregnancy is confirmed). Medical abortion (the abortion pill) is FDA-approved for use up to 49 days after the first day of your last period or if you are 7 weeks pregnant (which equals 5 weeks since conception).

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Mifeprex. Getty Images

Mifeprex an FDA-approved non-surgical early abortion option. Also known as the abortion pill or RU486, Mifeprex can be used up to 49 days (7 weeks) since the beginning of your last menstrual period. It works by blocking progesterone; without this hormone, a pregnancy cannot continue, so the lining of the uterus begins to soften and break down.

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Mini-Laparotomy. Ed Fox/Getty Images

Mini-laparotomy is one of the two most common methods of tubal ligation -- the other common permanent sterilization procedure is a laparoscopy. During a mini-laparotomy, a small incision is made. The fallopian tubes are pulled out of the incision, are cut and tied or sealed, put back into place, and then the incision is stitched closed. This procedure is typically done after childbirth and does not require the use of a laparoscope.

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Progestin-Only Pills. Photo © 2015 Dawn Stacey

Birth control pills that only contains progestin (a synthetic form of the hormone, progesterone). These pills do not contain any estrogen and are good alternative for women who are breastfeeding or who can't use combination birth control methods.

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Mirena IUD. Photo © 2015 Dawn Stacey

Considered a long-activing, reversible contraceptive (LARC), Mirena is a type of IUD. It is a small, T-shaped contraceptive device made of flexible plastic. Once inserted, Mirena continuously releases a small amount of progestin and offers pregnancy protection for up to 5 years.

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Monophasic Pills:

Monophasic Pills. Nancy R. Cohen/Photodisc/Getty Images

One of three categories of combination birth control pills, pills are considered monophasic if each active pill in the pack contains the same amount of estrogen and progestin. Monophasic pills may also be less likely to cause side effects that are caused by hormone fluctuation.

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Monthly Contraceptive Injection:

Combined Contraceptive Injections. Photo © 2015 Dawn Stacey

Combined contraceptive injections like Cyclofem, Cyclofemina, Mesigyna, and Lunelle contain a combination of estrogen and progestin. They must be injected once every month since the hormone levels peak then slowly decrease. These contraceptive injections are not available in the US.

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Morning-After Pill:

Morning-After Pill. Photo © 2015 Dawn Stacey

The morning-after pill is the name that refers to any of the levonorgestrel pills that are designed to be used as emergency contraception. The morning-after pill can be used within 3 days (72 hours) of unprotected sexual intercourse or birth control failure to help prevent an unintended pregnancy. These pills can be bought OTC, without a prescription, for people of all ages.

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My Way:

My Way. Photo © 2015 Dawn Stacey

My Way is one of the generic alternatives of the morning-after pill Plan B One-Step (the other generic options are Take Action, Next Choice One Dose, and AfterPill). My Way consists of one levonorgestrel pill and is available over-the-counter without any age restrictions.

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