Ulnar Styloid Fracture

Often Seen With a Broken Wrist, Does It Require Surgery?

MedicalRF.com / Getty Images

Fractures of the wrist can involve several different bones that surround the joint. The most common type of wrist fracture is through the end of the radius bone of the forearm, called distal radius fractures. Distal radius fractures account for about 1 in 6 broken bones seen in emergency rooms.

About half of distal radius fractures occur in association with ulnar styloid fractures. The ulnar styloid is at the end of the other forearm bone, the ulna.

While distal radius fractures usually require casting or surgery, the ulnar styloid is seldom addressed in treatment.

Ulnar Styloid Fractures

Ulnar styloid fractures seldom require treatment when they occur in association with a distal radius fracture. The major exception is when the joint between these bones, the distal radioulnar joint (or DRUJ), is unstable. When the DRUJ is unstable, the ulnar styloid may require independent treatment.

However, most distal radius fractures with associated ulnar styloid fractures occur without DRUJ instability. A recent study evaluated patients who had distal radius fractures and found that their prognosis was not affected by the presence or absence of an ulnar styloid fracture.

Non-Union of Ulnar Styloid Fractures

This study also found that even if the ulnar styloid fracture was out of position (displaced), or if the ulnar styloid fracture did not heal (nonunion), it did not affect the patient's prognosis.

Again, this is all presuming that the DRUJ was stable.

The results of this study would imply that routine surgical treatment of an ulnar styloid fracture (when occurring with a distal radius fracture) is not necessary. However, your doctor should evaluate your DRUJ for instability, and if that's found to be the case, your ulnar styloid fracture may need to be treated.

Did Your Doctor "Miss" The Injury

Because an ulnar styloid fracture does not alter the treatment of the wrist injury, in most circumstances, orthopedic surgeons often fail to acknowledge that there is a second fracture, other than the distal radius fracture. This is a mistake most orthopedic surgeons learn to avoid, as it causes concern that patients may feel their full injury was "missed." As an orthopedic surgeon who has made this mistake more than once, I try to be very careful to fully inform my patients and explain to them why I am not treating the ulnar styloid fracture.

If you do see an injury, such as an ulnar styloid fracture, that was not discussed with you, don't be afraid to ask your doctor about it. Just understand that the injury was probably not missed--it simply doesn't change the treatment, and your doctor is more focused on the injury that needs treatment.

A Word From Verywell

Ulnar styloid fractures are commonly associated with distal radius fractures; in fact, about half of distal radius fractures have an associated ulnar styloid fracture. The good news, is that seldom does an ulnar styloid fracture require treatment in and of itself. Rather, the treatment decision is based on the injury to the radius bone, and is not impacted by the presence of the injury to the ulnar styloid.

Source:

Pollack, P. "Styloid fractures may not affect outcomes of distal radius fractures." AAOS Now; Vol 4, No 1. January 2010.

Continue Reading