Evaluate Your Sinus Congestion

1
Types of Sinus Congestion

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What type of congestion are you dealing with?. Eric Audras/ONOKY/Getty Images

What does your sinus congestion look like? What is it doing? Let's look at the possibilities.

Do you have a runny nose?

Is your head stuffed up, making it difficult to breathe through your nose?

  • It may be a cold.
  • It could be a sinus infection (sinusitis).
  • It could possibly be the flu.

If you have drainage, what color is it?

  • Green or yellow: This color indicates an infection. See your doctor, but you may not necessarily need antibiotics. It could be sinusitis.
  • Clear and thin: It is probably a cold, the flu or allergies.
  • Thick and white or cloudy: It is most likely a viral infection, such as a cold or the flu.
  • Blood-streaked: This is usually caused by ruptured blood vessels in the nose. It can occur as a result of dry nasal membranes or from blowing your nose too aggressively. Look at other symptoms to determine whether or not you should see a doctor.

Do you have pressure in your face and eyes?

Find out when you should see a doctor for sinus congestion.

2
Medications for Sinus Congestion

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Which treatment is right for you?. Nila Aye/Ikon Images/Getty Images

There are two categories of medications to treat the different types of sinus congestion. They are known as antihistamines and decongestants.

Antihistamines

Antihistamines are used for a runny nose. They help dry the sinus congestion and slow the drips. Antihistamines are also commonly used to treat seasonal allergies.

Some common antihistamines include Benadryl (diphenhydramine), Claritin (loratadine), Zyrtec and Allegra.

Decongestants

Decongestants are used for that stuffy, full feeling in your head. They reduce the swelling in your nasal passages which allows mucous to drain.

Some common decongestants include Sudafed (pseudoephedrine) and Sudafed PE (phenylephrine).

Many medications combine one of these decongestants or antihistamines with other medications to make multi-symptom treatments. They are sold under numerous brand names.

3
Treating Sinus Congestion Without Medications

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Clear your sinuses without medication. NightandDayImages/E+/Getty Images

A variety of non-medication treatments are available to help relieve sinus congestion. Some of the best options include humidifiers, saline nasal sprays and saline nasal drops.

Humidifiers

Humidifiers help keep moisture in the air and prevent nasal passages from drying out. They are especially effective in the winter. With heaters running, the air in our homes tends to dry out quickly, which in turn dries out nasal passages and makes it more difficult to breathe. Running a cool mist humidifier, especially while sleeping, will help reduce the risk of dried nasal passages and thick congested noses in the morning.

Saline nasal spray

Saline nasal spray used a few times a day can help loosen congestion and improve drainage. You should take caution not to overuse over-the-counter nasal decongestant sprays (such as Afrin), though. Using them for longer than three to four days can actually increase congestion.

Neti Pot

Neti pots have been used for many years to rinse out the sinus cavities. There are several varieties available now in nearly any pharmacy or store that has a pharmaceutical section. Using a saline solution, you can use this device that looks like a miniature teapot for rinse the mucus out of your sinuses naturally, without taking medications.

Saline nose drops and bulb syringe (video)

Saline nose drops and the bulb syringe can be used in infants to pull out drainage or thick mucous from the nose. Infants breathe only through their noses, so it is important that the nasal passages remain open. This simple method is effective and does not cause harmful side effects like many medications do.

4
What Could be Causing Your Sinus Congestion?

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What could be causing that congestion?. sturti/E+/Getty Images

Sinus congestion has numerous causes, so it is important to evaluate your other symptoms as well. If you have concerns about your symptoms, you should always contact your doctor or health care provider.

  • Do you have stuffiness and pain and pressure in your face and eyes? It is probably a sinus infection (sinusitis).
  • Do you have a runny or stuffy nose, headache and cough? It could be a cold.
  • Do you have a runny or stuffy nose, fever, body aches and a cough? It is probably the flu.
  • Do you have a clear runny nose and itching in the eyes or nose? It may be seasonal allergies.

Sinus congestion is a symptom that comes with a lot of upper respiratory infections and illnesses. Most of the time it will go away on it's own but sometimes it needs to be treated with medication.

This information should not be substituted for advice from a licensed medical professional. It is meant to inform and educate, not diagnose any disease. Please contact your health care provider with questions about your health.

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