10 Famous Olympic Athletes Diagnosed With Cancer

Shannon Miller, Lance Armstrong and Mario Lemieux make this list

Even famous athletes aren't immune to cancer. The disease doesn't discriminate, targeting the weak and strong, the rich and poor, alike. Cancer can develop in any person, even those in prime physical condition such as the 10 Olympic athletes on this list. They not only competed for the gold but also worked to defeat cancer.

Shannon Miller's Ovarian Cancer Diagnosis

Olympian Shannon Miller
Olympian Shannon Miller. Tony Duffy/Getty Images Sport/Getty Images

Gold medal-winning gymnast Shannon Miller was diagnosed with an ovarian germ cell tumor after doctors discovered a baseball sized cyst on her ovary. The then 33-year-old mother of one underwent surgery and nine weeks of chemotherapy to treat the disease. Today, she is cancer free. Miller launched a women's health website, Shannon Miller Lifestyle, to share health tips through blog posts and articles written by  experts.

Ovarian germ cell tumor is a rare type of ovarian cancer that often affects women under age 30. When detected early, these tumors are often treatable and curable. Surgery and chemotherapy are the most common types of treatment.

Eric Shanteau's Testicular Treatment

Swimmer Eric Shanteau's cancer story is one of perseverance and dedication. A week before the 2008 Olympic trials, Shanteau was diagnosed with testicular cancer. The then 24 year old discovered a testicle lump, and at the urging of his girlfriend, saw his doctor. Healthcare professionals recommended that the swimmer have surgery to remove the testicle immediately, but Shanteau delayed the procedure to compete in the Olympic trials, ultimately nabbing a spot on the 2008 Olympic team.

Eric remains vigilant about his follow-up screenings. In an interview with FoxSports, Shanteau said that he remains cancer free. 

Jake Gibb Battles Testicular Cancer

While many cancers are detected through medical screening tests, some cases are discovered unconventionally. This is certainly the case with professional volleyball player Jake Gibb. The Olympian failed a drug test that revealed abnormally high hormone levels that can indicate steroid use. He was advised to seek medical attention, as high hormone levels can also be a sign of testicular cancer in men. Not long after failing the drug screening, the athlete was diagnosed with testicular cancer and underwent surgery to treat the disease.

Phil Kessel Takes on Testicular Cancer

In December 2006, NHL rookie Phil Kessel was diagnosed with testicular cancer at the age of 19. The professional hockey forward underwent surgery, which cured his cancer. The treatment only set him back 11 professional games, and he later competed in the 2010 Winter Olympic Games in Vancouver, helping Team USA earn a silver medal.

Lance Armstrong Defeats Testicular Cancer

In 1996, cyclist Lance Armstrong was diagnosed with testicular cancer that had spread to his abdomen, lungs, and brain. Doctors had estimated his survival rate to be 40 percent. Astonishingly, two years later, Armstrong was deemed cancer-free after undergoing extensive chemotherapy and surgery.

Prior to being diagnosed with cancer, Armstrong participated in the 1992 Olympic Games. He later competed again in the 2000 Olympics in Sydney.

Martina Navratilova Fights Breast Cancer

International tennis sensation Martina Navratilova's breast cancer was discovered after a routine mammogram in the spring of 2010. Further investigation revealed ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), a non-invasive type of breast cancer. Navratilova underwent surgery and radiation therapy as treatment and remains cancer free.

Prior to being diagnosed with breast cancer, Navratilova competed in the 2004 Summer Olympic Games but went home empty-handed.

Scott Hamilton Triumphs Over Testicular Cancer

In 1997, figure skater Scott Hamilton, was diagnosed with testicular cancer. Hamilton often discussed his disease publicly, bringing much needed awareness to the disease. A year after surgery and chemotherapy, the gold medalist returned to the rink to skate professionally.

Scott launched the Scott Hamilton CARES Initiative, an organization devoted to cancer research, patient education, and support for patients and their family members. Today Scott remains cancer free and is active in the cancer community.

Meghan Kinney Faces Bone Cancer

Synchronized swimmer Meghan Kinney, an alternate for the 2008 Olympic Games, was diagnosed with bone cancer in the fall of 2010. The 21 year old was training daily, preparing for the 2012 Olympics, in hopes of securing a spot on Team USA. Her diagnosis came after experiencing knee pain that she assumed would require surgery to treat. Doctors discovered a tumor in her knee, and she was diagnosed with osteosarcoma, a rare type of bone cancer that usually affects teens and children. Adults are rarely diagnosed with the disease.

Meghan underwent surgery and 10 months of chemotherapy as treatment. She launched a website, Team Meghan, to help defray the costs of care.

Diana Golden Succumbs to Breast Cancer

Skier Diana Golden lost her leg at age 8 because of childhood cancer, but it didn't stop her dream of becoming a competitive athlete. After surgery to remove her leg and chemotherapy, she learned to ski with the help of the New England Handicapped Skiing Association. During college, she competed professionally, earning a spot on the US Disabled Team in 1979. In 1988, she competed in the Winter Olympics, earning a gold medal for the slalom disabled team. Even more impressive is that Golden competed successfully in many able-bodied competitions.

Golden was diagnosed with breast cancer in 1992, and she had a bilateral mastectomy along with the removal of her uterus as treatment. The cancer returned in 1997. The skiing legend died of the disease in 2001 at the age of 38.

Mario Lemieux Confronts Hodgkin's Lymphoma

Hockey star Mario Lemieux was at the top of his game when diagnosed with Hodgkin's disease, a type of lymphoma in 1993. Lemieux underwent 29 days of radiation therapy as treatment. Today, his cancer remains in remission.

Mario founded the Mario Lemieux Foundation, an organization that raises funds for cancer research.

"As I went through the treatments for Hodgkin's disease in the winter of 1993, I began to realize how fragile life can be," he said. "I felt that I had to give something back to the community, and this is when I decided to form the Lemieux Foundation."

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