How to Interpret Your Hepatitis Test Results

Stethoscope and pen on blood test form for hepatitis
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Do you think you have hepatitis? If so, it’s very important that you approach your health care provider for hepatitis tests, rather than just guessing. Hepatitis is a genuine liver disease that may lead to death. That’s why hepatitis sufferers need to take the right course of action. The next steps (following a hepatitis diagnostic test) will be afforded to you based on your diagnosis. If you want to know how to interpret your test results, it is very possible to do so.

Preliminary Test Results

Trace the HCV (Hepatitis C). You can pinpoint the result of a hepatitis test with the enzyme immunoassay (EIA) test. Generally, this is the first bustle that you need to undergo if you want to be sure whether or not you have hepatitis. If the blood test result is positive, you’ve inhibited antibodies in your system dealing with the viruses. On the other hand, a negative test result means that the patient isn’t immune to the viruses and is susceptible to further onslaughts of infections.

HCV Detection Test Result Analysis

Look For The HCV RIBA Test Results. Analysis for the presence of HCV in your body is required when the result of the first step is positive. However, there are some situations wherein your doctor will not have you undergo a RIBA test. The result of this test will determine the progression of hepatitis C viruses in your system. A positive test result means that you’ve obtained antibodies and developed hepatitis C viruses, while the negative result implies that you are not at risk of hepatitis C.

Moreover, it also means that your system has antibodies that safeguard you against such viruses.

Analyze the Result of the HCV RNA. RNA stands for ribonucleic acid. Much like the RIBA test, this is taken only upon the request of a doctor. This evaluation is intended to determine whether you have developed a functional infection in your system.

As it asserts the condition of the RNA, it is also termed as a qualitative hepatitis C test. The result is either positive or negative. Positive means that you have active hepatitis infections and that you already have long-term hepatitis C viruses, while negative implies you haven’t come down with the disease.

Determining the Number of Viral Particles

Spot the Quantitative Tests. While the previous tests are intended for qualitative measurement, these hepatitis C tests aim to quantify the viral load of the individual. If you have the hepatitis C infection, the next thing you have to look at is the amount of the viruses that have invaded your bloodstream. This test finds that out and assists your primary health care provider to verify how your system will respond to precise forms of HCV treatments. If the test result is positive, the number of viral particles will be determined accordingly. A high number of viral particles mean a higher incidence of HCV in your system. Meanwhile, a negative result suggests that there are few viral particles in your bloodstream and that your approach has been relatively successful in dealing with the viruses.

All About Genotyping

Analyze the Result of the Genotype Test.

This genre of testing is usually opted for prior to treatment. It’s designed to pinpoint the genotype of the virus. There are six possible genotypes that HCV can be categorized; they are labeled as genotype one to six. Knowing the genotype is beneficial for hepatitis patients since they’ll also know the ideal duration of the HCV treatment and the success rate. Each type of genotype requires a dissimilar treatment from the other. The usual duration in dealing with genotypes two, three, four, five and six is twenty-four weeks.

For those who suspect that they’ve already developed hepatitis, the above pointers on how to analyze the test results is very important, so you know how to respond to the liver disease.

Not only will it increase your knowledge about the nature of the enigma called hepatitis C, but you will also learn the measures that ought to be taken.


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Nolte FS, Green AM, Fiebelkorn KR, Caliendo AM, Sturchio C, Grunwald A, Healy M. Clinical evaluation of two methods for genotyping hepatitis C virus based on analysis of the 5' noncoding region. J Clin Microbiol. 2003 Apr;41(4):1558-64.

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