Injuries to Toes and Toenails

Treatment Options for Toe and Toenail Conditions

While toes are small, and seemingly hidden from view, a toe or toenail problems can be a big inconvenience and quite painful. Toe and toenail problems are not uncommon. Often the result of poor footwear, these conditions can cause pain and difficulty walking or wearing shoes. Learn about different toe and toenail problems, and what treatments are available for these conditions. Fortunately, changing footwear, or a simple insert for your shoes, may be all that is needed to find relief from your symptoms.

1
Turf Toe

turf toe
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Turf toe is a condition of pain at the base of the big toe. Usually the result of athletic activities on a hard surface, turf toe is especially common in athletes who compete on artificial turf. The injury leads to microtears in the capsule of the joint at the base of the big toe. When stess is placed on this joint capsule, pain can occur. Treatment of turf toe is usually helpful, but the condition can return. Furthermore, effective treatment of turf toe can take months to resolve the problem. More »

2
Ingrown Toenail

ingrown
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An ingrown toenail is a condition that is caused by abnormal growth of both the toenail and the surrounding tissues. When the toenail grows into the surrounding tissue, a painful toe is the result. The irritation from the toenail causes swelling of the tissues, and further inflammation. Most ingrown toenails improve with simple steps, although more severe cases may require removal of the ingrown part of the nail. Proper trimming of the toenails can help prevent this problem of occurring. More »

3
Hammer Toe

toes
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A hammer toe occurs when the middle of the toe points upwards abnormally. This most often occurs in the second toe, and is often the result of a big toe bunion pushing on the second toe. A painful callous often forms on top of the first joint in the toe. When a hammer toe occurs, you must ensure that any treatment also addresses the bunion deformity, otherwise the problem is likely to return. More »

4
Hallux Rigidus (Great Toe Arthritis)

hallux
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Hallux rigidus occurs when there is arthritis at the base of the big toe. Arthritis of the big toe is the most common type of arthritis in the foot. When arthritis occurs at this joint, pain and swelling are the most common symptoms. Arthritis of the big toe is sometimes confused with gout or a bunion deformity. Simple treatments may consist of footwear modifications or an injection of cortisone. More advanced treatment of hallux rigidus may require surgery to remove bone spurs or to fuse the joint. More »

5
Bunion

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Bunions are a common problem that most people experience as a bony protuberance at the base of the big toe. A bunion, however, is more complicated than simply a bump on the foot. When a patient has a bunion, the big toe angles in towards the other toes, a condition called hallux valgus. Bunions are most common in women, and the cause is almost always due to unsuitable footwear. Surgical treatment of a bunion is a major procedure and usually considered only when simpler footwear modifications are not effective at relieving pain. More »

6
Athlete's Foot

athletes foot
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Athlete’s foot is a fungal infection of the skin of your feet. The fungus, tinea pedis, is contracted from public environments. The fungus then grows in the warm and moist environment of your footwear, and can be difficult to eradicate. You can help prevent this condition by keeping your feet dry as much as possible, frequently changing and washing socks and footwear, and wearing sandals when using a community shower. Treatment can be effective but when the fungal infection gets under the nail, many common treatments can be challenging to eradicate the fungal infection. More »

7
Morton's Neuroma

foot surgery
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A Morton's neuroma is a benign growth of the nerve sheath of a nerve that courses between the toes. This condition is an abnormal growth, but it is not a cancer that can become a dangerous condition. Rather, the Morton's neuroma can become a painful nuisance. Most often changes in footwear to relieve compression of the nerve or an injection of cortisone are effective treatments. Rarely is surgery needed to address this condition. More »

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