Sports and Fitness Activities for Kids with Special Needs

Yes, kids with all kinds of special needs can play sports.

Finding fitness activities for kids with special needs can be difficult. Every child has a unique diagnosis and her own challenges and preferences. but many of them struggle with participating in sports. Still, physical activity offers them important benefits (just as it does for kids without special needs). So start here to zero in on some options that might work for your child.

Kids with Physical Disabilities

Activities for kids with special needs - wheelchair racing
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Even when kids' mobility is limited, or their bodies tire easily, they can still participate in and enjoy many sports and other fitness activities. Parents, therapists, and teachers have created adaptive sports and fitness programs dedicated to kids with special needs. And there are also ways to include these children in programs designed for kids who don't have any physical challenges.

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Kids with Autism

Activities for kids with special needs - martial arts
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We often think of autism as mostly affecting social skills and the ability to communicate, but it can have implications for physical health and activity as well. Food aversions can lead to weight gain, and sensitivity to environmental stimuli (like light and noise) sometimes makes participating in sports and fitness difficult. But matching a child on the autism spectrum with exercise he enjoys can offer some important benefits. Some kids can participate in sports leagues for neurotypical kids, while others might enjoy a program designed for kids with special needs.

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Kids with Intellectual and Learning Disabilities

Activities for kids with special needs - soccer
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If you've heard of the Special Olympics, you've heard of a very successful sports program for kids with special needs, particularly intellectual disabilities. Nearly 4 million athletes in 170 countries participate in Special Olympics events. And it's not the only option for kids with Down syndrome or other cognitive challenges.

For children with learning disabilities, athletics can provide feelings of success that they might not be getting at school. Plus, physical activity is an excellent stress reliever. Help connect your child with a supportive team or environment.

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Kids with Asthma

This chronic condition can be exacerbated by exercise, sometimes depending on the weather or other environmental conditions (indoors and out). But it can also be managed with medication and other strategies, so kids with asthma don't have to miss out on sporting events and other active play.

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Kids with Attention Issues

Kids and teens with ADD, ADHD, and other attention issues need help redirecting their excess energy. So physical activity is a big win for them. Help your child find a sport he enjoys and can succeed at, and you'll likely see improved behavior and mood both at home and at school.

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Kids with Anxiety

Just as it does for adults (both with and without anxiety disorders), exercise and physical activity can help kids with anxiety manage stress and improve their mood, energy levels, and ability to sleep. Children and teens who are experiencing anxiety may prefer noncompetitive sports.

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Kids with Depression

For kids with depression, exercise provides benefits similar to those it offers to kids with anxiety. Working hard on a physical skill can distract your child from negative thoughts. Also, the discipline that sports teaches can help improve coping skills. Your child can then use these in other contexts.

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Kids with Diabetes

Kids with diabetes (type 1 or 2) can continue to enjoy sports and play actively with their friends. Their blood sugar will need to be monitored before, during, and after they play, so that any necessary adjustments can be made. But having diabetes doesn't preclude participation in sports at all. 

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