List of Herbs, Vitamins, and Supplements

A Guide to Herbal and Nutritional Supplements

list of herbs, vitamins, and dietary supplements
Check out our list of herbs, vitamins, and dietary supplements from A to Z. Maximilian Stock Ltd./Photolibrary/Getty Images

In recent years, many people have turned to herbs, vitamins, and supplements to stay healthy and treat minor ailments. Yet even though this practice is recent in the United States, herbal remedies have been used for thousands of years in Asia.

What You Should Know About Nutritional Supplements

Before choosing a dietary supplement there are a few things you should know.

In the United States, herbs, vitamins, and supplements are not regulated to the same degree as pharmaceutical preparations.

(In some areas, such as Germany, tighter regulations are in place). For this reason, the quality of these preparations can vary tremendously. In the U.S. there is not a guarantee that the supplement will contain the doses or even the ingredients on the label. Some supplements may also be contaminated with heavy metals or laced with prescription drugs. What this means is that it's important to purchase quality supplements. To help you choose a reputable supplier you can check with one of the organizations that routinely tests supplements such as U.S. Pharmacopeia, or NSF International.

Herbs can have biological actions and cause changes in the body similar to prescription medications. In fact, many doctors recommend that you treat your dietary supplements as you would any medication, making sure that you are taking a supplement based on your specific health needs or conditions, and using only the recommended dose on a regular schedule.

Like pharmaceutical medications, nutritional supplements can have side effects and may interact with common prescription medications. It's important to talk to your doctor about any herbs, vitamins, or supplements you are taking or are interested in taking. Some of these interactions can be serious, such as an increased risk of bleeding.

For people with cancer, some supplements may reduce the effectiveness of cancer treatments. You may also find it helpful to review some of the common mistakes people make with herbal supplements and how to avoid them.

There are a wide range of supplements that have been touted to do everything from calm the common cold to ease the transition to menopause. The most commonly used herbs in the United States include supplements such as echinancea, ginseng, and gingko biloba, but as noted below, there are a multitude of options available. If you are unsure of what to take, it's important to talk to your physician or naturopath. You may also wish to check out further safety tips for taking nutritional supplements before you begin.

List of Herbs, Vitamins, and Supplements from A to Z

Click on the herbs, vitamins, or nutritional supplements below to learn about the benefits and common uses. 


A list of herbs and nutritional supplements that start with A.

Acacia Fiber - This fiber-rich remedy (also called gum arabic) is sourced from the sap of a tree.
Acai - A reddish-purple berry packed with antioxidant compounds.
Acerola - A cherry-like tropical fruit high in vitamin C and antioxidants.
Acidophilus - A type of beneficial bacteria found naturally in the body (including the digestive tract).

African Mango - The fiber-rich seeds of this tree contain nutrients.
Agaricus - A type of medicinal mushroom.
AHCC - A compound extracted from medicinal mushrooms.
Alfalfa - Best known as a food, alfalfa is a source of chlorophyll.
Allicin - A compound produced when garlic is chopped or cut.
Allspice - A spice also known as Jamaican pepper or pimento.
Alpha Ketoglutaric Acid - Plays a role in chemical reactions involved in producing energy.
Alpha Lipoic Acid - An antioxidant found in every cell, where it helps turn glucose into energy.
Aloe Juice - Often touted as a natural immune-booster.
Aloe Vera - Not just a natural skin-soother.

Amalaki - Sometimes referred to as Indian gooseberry or amla, amalaki is an Indian herb rich in antioxidants.
Amla Oil - A remedy often used to promote hair health.
Ammi Visnaga - Sourced from a plant in the carrot family, ammi visnaga, also called khella, is an Indian herb said to support blood vessel health.
Anamu - A folk remedy said to have anti-inflammatory effects.
Andrographis - An Indian extract said to boost immunity and ease cold symptoms.
Angelica - An herb sometimes used to ease digestive complaints.
Aniracetam - Classified as a nootropic (a type of "smart" drug used to enhance brain function).
Anise - A licorice-like flavoring, this herb is thought to have estrogen-like effects.
Anthocyanins - Compounds found in plants, particularly berries.
Apple Cider Vinegar - Produced during the fermentation of apple cider, apple cider vinegar is a popular remedy said to enhance health.
Apple Pectin - A soluble fiber naturally present in apples.
Arabinoxylan - A compound found naturally in wheat, rice, and other cereal grains.
Argan Oil - Sourced from a tree native to Morocco, argan oil has long been used in skin care by Moroccans.
Arjuna - An ayurvedic herb said to promote heart health. (Arjuna is one of the herbs found in mahanarayan oil).
Arnica - A remedy said to ease muscle soreness.
Artichoke - A plant used in herbal medicine and consumed as a food.
Ashwagandha - Long used in ayurveda and said to help protect against the negative effects of stress.
Asparagus Extract - Typically sourced from the spears, roots and stems of the asparagus plant.
Astaxanthin - An antioxidant found in seafood and algae, astaxanthin is said to fight free radicals.
Astragalus - An herb long used in traditional Chinese medicine.
Avocado/Soybean Unsaponifiables - Made from avocado and soybean oils, avocado/soybean unsaponifiables are said to help with osteoarthritis.


A list of herbs and nutritional supplements that start with B.

Bacillus Coagulans - A type of beneficial bacteria.
Bacopa - An herb used in ayurveda as a natural remedy for memory disorders.
Bael Fruit - An aromatic fruit long used to boost digestive health in India.
Balsam of Peru - A mixture of substances such as cinamein used for skin conditions.
Banaba - An herb said to help keep blood sugar in check and manage cholesterol levels.
Baobab - The fruit of this tree, native to certain tropical areas of Africa contains high amounts of vitamin C.
Barberry - Contains a compound called berberine.
Barley Grass - Often used in juicing and smoothies, barley grass contains chlorophyll, vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants.
Bee Pollen - Offering vitamins, minerals, and protein, bee pollen is thought to help build resistance to potential airborne allergens.
Beet Root Juice - A source of betalins, compounds that may reduce inflammation and fight oxidative stress.
Benfotiamine - A substance available in supplement form and found naturally in foods like garlic and onion.
Berberine - A compound found in certain herbs like goldenseal, coptis, and barberry.
Beta-Carotene - Found in leafy green vegetables and orange-yellow fruits and vegetables.
Beta-Glucan - Oats, barley, and some medicinal mushrooms contain beta-glucan.
Beta-Sitosterol - Found naturally in foods like soy and flaxseed.
Bilberry - An antioxidant-rich fruit closely related to blueberries, bilberry is said to promote eye health.
Biotin - A B vitamin found naturally in a number of foods and available in supplement form.
Bishop's Weed - A lesser known herbal remedy that may help with certain skin disorders.
Bitter Cucumber - A natural remedy thought to have inflammation-fighting effects.
Bitter Melon - A tropical fruit that may help to reduce blood sugar levels.
Black Cherry Juice - An antioxidant-rich juice high in anthocyanins (a class of antioxidants also found in berries, red onions, red grapes, and pomegranates).
Black Cohosh - An herb said to ease hot flashes and other menopausal symptoms.
Black Currant Oil and Extract - The berry extract is rich in anthocyanins (a potent antioxidant) and is said to preserve eye health.
Black Raspberry - A fruit that contains antioxidant and anti-inflammatory compounds.
Black Seed - Also known as black cumin or Nigella sativa, black seed has long been used as a spice.
Black Seed Oil - Rich in an anti-inflammatory compound called thymoquinone, black seed oil is sourced from the Nigella sativa plant.
Black Tea - Rich in antioxidants, black tea leaves are dried and fermented, giving it a darker color than green tea.
Black Walnut - A type of nut native to eastern North America, black walnut is rich in a number of substances said to enhance health.
Blessed Thistle - An herb said to act as a natural immune-booster, and used to increase milk supply in breastfeeding women.
Blood of the Dragon - A dark-red liquid sourced from a South American tree.
Blueberry Extract- Rich in antioxidants known as anthocyanins.
Blue Cohosh - A folk remedy historically used by some Native American tribes for women's health concerns.
Borage Oil - Rich in gamma-linoleic acid (a type of essential fatty acid).
Boswellia - A traditional Indian remedy said to fight inflammation.
Branched-Chain Amino Acids - Found in foods such as meat, dairy products, and legumes, branched-chain amino acids play a key role in helping the body to produce protein.
Bromelain - An enzyme found naturally in the juice and stem of pineapples.
Brown Seaweed - Contains fucoidan, a substance thought to have immune-stimulating properties.
Burdock - A plant in the daisy family that is native to the United States and several other countries.
Butcher's Broom - An herb said to help with chronic venous insufficiency.


A list of herbs and nutritional supplements that start with C.

Calcium-D-Glucarate - A substance made by combining calcium and glucaric acid (a substance found naturally in the body and in foods such as broccoli, kale, squash, and apples.
Camu Camu - A South American plant with vitamin-C-rich berries.
Caprylic Acid - A fatty acid found naturally in coconut and palm oil.
Capsaicin - A substance sourced from hot peppers and applied topically for pain relief.
Caralluma - A type of edible cactus long used as a folk remedy to suppress appetite.
Caraway - An herb said to offer a variety of healing benefits.
Carnosine - Found naturally in muscle and brain tissue, carnosine is an antioxidant said to slow skin aging and fend off heart disease.
Carob - Best known as a sweetener or chocolate substitute, carob fiber or pulp may help to reduce cholesterol.
Cassava - Most commonly known as the source of tapioca, cassava is rich in a variety of health-boosting substances.
Cat's Claw - A vine native to the Amazon rainforest and other places in South and Central America.
Catuaba - A rainforest-sourced remedy long used in Brazilian herbal medicine to boost mood.
Celery Seed - A time-honored remedy in traditional Indian medicine.
Cetyl myristoleate - A lesser known remedy, this fatty acid is being explored for osteoarthritis.
Cha De Bugre - Sourced from a South American tree, cha de bugre is said to help suppress appetite.
Chaga - A medicinal mushroom.
Chamomile - An herbal tea said to calm the nerves.
Chia - Contains alpha-lionlenic acid (a type of omega-3 fatty acid) and fiber.
Chicory - A popular coffee substitute and soluble fiber-rich plant.
Chickweed - A plant most commonly used as a topical remedy for skin conditions.
Chinese Licorice - A lesser known type of licorice used in traditional Chinese medicine and known as the "great detoxifier."
Chlorella - A type of algae containing vitamin C and B vitamins.
Chokeberry - A red and purple fruit rich in antioxidants.
Choline - A B vitamin, needed for brain development, found naturally in eggs, salmon, and vegetables such as broccoli and Brussels sprouts.
Chondroitin - A dietary supplement often used to tame the pain of osteoarthritis.
Chyawanprash - An herbal jam long used in ayurveda. Contains amalaki and other herbs.
Cissus Quadrangularis - A plant long used in traditional Indian and African medicine and sometimes touted as a weight loss aid.
Clove - Best known as a spice, clove is said to offer several health benefits.
Cocoa - Some research suggests that cocoa extracts may help to promote heart health.
Coconut Oil - Contains lauric acid and medium-chain triglycerides.
Coconut Water - A potassium-rich drink derived from coconuts.
Cod Liver Oil - Rich in vitamins A and D and omega-3 fatty acids.
Codonopsis - A Chinese herb also known as dang shen.
Colostrum - A form of cow's milk secreted within the initial days after giving birth.
Collagen Supplements - A protein found in the body's connective tissues.
CoQ10 - A vitamin-like compound found naturally in every cell of the body.
Coptis chinensis - A Chinese herb that may help to fight inflammation.
Cordyceps - A medicinal mushroom.
Corydalis - Prized as a natural pain-fighter in traditional Chinese medicine.
Cranberry - Contains compounds called proanthocyanins.
Creatine - Found naturally in meat and fish and sold in supplement form, creatine is essential to the production of energy that muscles need.


A list of herbs and nutritional supplements that start with D.

D-Limonene - A compound extracted from the peel of citrus fruits.
D-Mannose - A type of sugar found naturally in a number of fruits such as cranberries, D-mannose is said to help fend off urinary tract infections.
Damiana - Used in Mexico as a sexual stimulant, this herb can cause indigestion as well as more serious side effects.
Dandelion root - A well-known weed used in herbal medicine.
Devil's Claw - An herb said to fight inflammation and relieve pain.
DHA - An omega-3 fatty acid found naturally in oily fish and seaweed.
DHEA - A steroid hormone produced naturally by the adrenal glands.
DHEA, 7-Keto - A substance produced during the metabolism of DHEA (but not said to be converted into steroid hormones).
Digestive Enzymes - This popular supplement, known to aid the body in breaking down nutrients, includes such enzymes as bromelain and papain.
Diindolylmethane - A substance generated by the breakdown of indole-3-carbinol (a compound found naturally in cruciferous vegetables such as broccoli and cauliflower).
Diosmin - A substance sourced from citrus fruit that may help promote vein health.
Dong Quai - A Chinese herb said to have estrogen-like effects.


A list of herbs, vitamins, and nutritional supplements that start with E.

Echinacea - One of the most popular remedies, echinacea is said to stimulate the immune system.
Ecklonia cava - A species of brown algae sold in dietary supplement form.
Elderberry - Rich in antioxidants known as anthocyanins, elderberry is touted for cold and flu defense.
Eleuthero - Although it's called Siberian ginseng, this tonic herb is not in the ginseng family.
Ephedra - Dietary supplements containing ephedra have been banned in the United States.
Er-Xian - A Chinese herbal formula containing a variety of herbs such as dong quai and mulberry, er-xian is sometimes used to alleviate certain symptoms associated with menopause.
Erythritol - This supplement is a sugar substitute.
Eucommia - Often sipped as a health-enhancing tea in traditional Japanese medicine.
Evening Primrose Oil - Rich in gamma-linolenic acid (GLA), a fatty acid involved in the production of hormone-like substances called prostaglandins.
Eyebright - An herb native to Europe, eyebright is typically touted as a remedy for certain eye conditions.


A list of herbs, vitamins, and nutritional supplements that start with F.

Ferulic Acid - A compound found naturally in tomatoes and sweet corn.
Feverfew - An herb long used in folk medicine to fend off migraines.
5-HTP - A substance found in supplement form, 5-HTP is also produced naturally in the body after consuming tryptophan (an amino acid found in foods like soy, chicken, salmon, and turkey.
Flaxseed - A source of lignans (naturally-occurring chemicals with hormone-like effects) and fiber.
Flaxseed Oil - Derived from flaxseeds, flaxseed oil is rich in alpha-linolenic acid, a type of omega-3 fatty acid.
Forskolin - A natural substance extracted from the Coleus forskohlii plant.
Fo-Ti -  Fo-Ti is used for greying hair and other conditions related to aging.
Fucoxanthin - A compound found in brown seaweed.


A list of herbs, vitamins, and nutritional supplements that start with G.

GABA - An amino acid and neurotransmitter (a chemical that carries information from one cell to another).
Galangal - An herb related to ginger.
Galphimia - A lesser-known herb native to Mexico and Central America.
Gamma-Linolenic Acid - A type of fatty acid found in evening primrose oil, borage seed oil, and black currant oil.
Ganoderma - Also known as reishi, ganoderma is a type of medicinal mushroom.
Ganoderma Coffee - Coffee that contains extracts of the ganoderma mushroom.
Garcina Cambogia - A fruit extract purported to offer appetite-suppressing benefits.
Garlic - Often touted for its heart-healthy and cancer preventing effects.
Ginger - A spicy herb long-treasured for its warming, nausea improving, and inflammation-fighting properties.
Ginkgo - An herb used medicinally for thousands of years, ginkgo is thought to stimulate circulation.
Ginseng, Asian - Also known as Panax ginseng.
Ginseng, American - Also called Panax quinquefolius, American ginseng contains a class of compounds called ginsenosides.
Ginseng, Korean Red - A type of Panax ginseng that is prepared by steaming and drying the root.
Goji Berry - The berries contain compounds thought to influence health.
Goldenseal - Contains berberine, a compound also found naturally in coptis and barberry.
Glucomannan - Sourced from an Asian plant known as konjac, glucomannan is a fiber-rich substance sometimes used to keep blood sugar in check.
Glucosamine - One of the most popular natural remedies for osteoarthritis.
Glutathione - An antioxidant substance made up of the amino acids cysteine, lysine, and glutamate.
Goji Berries - A fruit rich in antioxidant and anti-inflammatory compounds.
Gotu Kola - A member of the parsley family.
Grapefruit Seed Extract - A citrus substance said to fight bacteria.
Grape Seed Extract - An antioxidant-rich remedy sourced from grape seeds.
Graviola - Sometimes called "soursop", find out about the uses and risks of this remedy.
Greater Celandine - Long used in traditional Chinese medicine is said to boost the immune system.
Green Coffee - Made from raw, unroasted coffee beans, green coffee are rich in an antioxidant called chlorogenic acid.
Green Tea - Rich in antioxidant compounds called catechins.
Guarana - Derived from the seeds of a South American tree, guarana is high in caffeine.
Guggul - A resin extracted from the mukul myrrh tree.


A list of herbs, vitamins, and nutritional supplements that start with H.

Haritaki - Sourced from the fruit of the Terminalia chebula plant, haritaki is also consumed as a food.
Hawthorn - An extract sourced from the antioxidant-rich hawthorn berry.
Hesperidin - Found naturally in unripe citrus fruit, hesperidin is a citrus bioflavonoid (a type of compound with antioxidant effects).
Hibiscus - A herbal tea said to have heart-healthy benefits.
Honey - More than an everyday sweetener, honey has long been used in remedies for a variety of ailments.
Hoodia - A cactus-like plant said to ward off hunger.
Hops - Widely used to flavor beer, hops are said to offer a number of benefits.
Horny Goat Weed - A plant sometimes referred to as "natural Viagra."
Horse Chestnut - Contains a compound called aescin, which is said to fight inflammation.
Horsetail - Rich in silicon, horsetail has traditionally been used as a diuretic and to strengthen bone.
Huperzine A - Sourced from Chinese club moss, huperzine A is available in tea and supplement form.
Hyaluronic Acid - A substance found naturally in the body's connective tissues.


A list of herbs, vitamins, and nutritional supplements that start with I.

Inositol - A substance found in some fruits known to have antioxidant activity.
Ivy Gourd - A tropical plant long used in herbal medicine.


A list of herbs, vitamins, and nutritional supplements that start with J.

Jiaogulan - A traditional Chinese herb sometimes touted as a natural weight loss aid.
Juan Bi Tang - A Chinese folk remedy said to protect against health ailments aggravated by damp, windy weather.


A list of herbs, vitamins, and nutritional supplements that start with K.

Kava - Perhaps best known as an herbal anxiety-soother.
Kefir - LIke yogurt, kefir is a probiotic-rich food made from fermented milk.
Kelp Noodles - Made from iodine-rich kelp, these noodles are a new favorite pasta alternative among adherents to certain diets.
Khella - An herbal remedy said to stave off kidney stones.
Kombucha - A fermented beverage made with black tea with a culture of yeasts and bacteria.
Krill Oil - A type of shrimp-like crustacean rich in omega-3 fatty acids EPA and DHA.
Kudzu - A member of the pea family, the starchy white roots contain isoflavones, estrogen-like compounds thought to have various health benefits.


A list of herbs, vitamins, and nutritional supplements that start with L.

L-Arginine - An amino acid found in supplement form.
L-Carnitine - Made in the body, L-carnitine is needed to transport fat into cells to produce energy.
L-Cysteine - An amino acid also available in a number of foods (such as meat, dairy products, and eggs).
L-Glutamine - An amino acid found primarily in the body's skeletal muscle.
Lactase Supplements - An enzyme that helps promote the breakdown of lactose (a sugar found in milk).
Lactobacillus Gasseri - A type of beneficial bacteria that has gained popularity as a weight loss aid.
Lactoferrin - A protein found in human milk, lactoferrin is sometimes touted as a natural bone-builder.
Lady's Mantle - Sometimes referred to as alchemilla, lady's mantle is said to soothe certain women's health concerns.
Larch Arabinogalactan - A fiber-rich substance sourced from the wood of the larch tree, larch arabinogalactan is thought to boost your levels of probiotic bacteria.
Lemon Balm - A member of the mint family long used as an herbal remedy for stress.
Licorice - An herb long used in traditional Chinese medicine for multiple conditions that can interact with prescription drugs.
Lion's Mane - A type of medicinal mushroom.
Limonene - A compound sourced from citrus-fruit peels and sold in supplement form.
Linden - Extracts from this plant have several compounds thought to influence health.
Lithium Orotate - Consisting of lithium and orotic acid, learn about the uses and risks of this supplement.
Lobelia - An herb said to help with respiratory concerns and quitting smoking.
Lucuma - A pulpy fruit native to Peru and said to ease inflammation and enhance health.
Lumbrokinase - An enzyme sourced from earthworms and said to aid in stroke prevention.
Lutein - A supplement that may help prevent eye diseases.
Lycopene - Found naturally in tomatoes, watermelon, papaya, and other fruits.
Lysine - An essential amino acid.


A list of herbs, vitamins, and nutritional supplements that start with M.

Maca - Also called "Peruvian ginseng" (despite not being in the ginseng family), maca is a root consumed as a food and for medicinal purposes.
Magnolia Bark - A natural compound in magnolia bark, called honokiol, is said to have estrogen-like properties.
Mangosteen - An antioxidant-rich fruit available in whole fruit or juice form.
Maqui - A purple berry that grows in some regions of South America.
Malic Acid - A natural substance sourced from apples.
Maral Root - An herbal remedy sometimes used to boost muscle mass and build strength.
Mastic Gum - Sourced from the trunk of an evergreen tree, mastic gum has been found to destroy cavity-causing bacteria in preliminary research.
Medium-Chain Triglycerides - Foods such as coconut and palm kernel oil are rich in medium-chain triglycerides, a type of dietary fat delivered directly to the liver to be used for energy.
Melatonin - A hormone produced naturally in the body, melatonin is shown to regulate sleep cycles.
Milk Thistle - An herb often used to enhance liver health.
Miracle Fruit - After eating this West African fruit, bitter foods take on a sweet flavor.
Mistletoe - European mistletoe is different from the variety used as a holiday decoration.
Modified Citrus Pectin - A remedy sourced from the pulp and peel of citrus fruits.
Monterey Pine - Sourced from a tree found in California and Mexico.
Monolaurin - Sourced from lauric acid, a saturated found in coconut oil, monolaurin is often touted as a natural solution to stimulating the immune system.
Motherwort - An antioxidant-rich herb in the mint family.
MSM - A sulfur-rich supplement sometimes used for osteoarthritis.
Muira Palma - An herb used in traditional Brazilian medicine.
Mullein - Contains compounds thought to soothe the respiratory tract.
Mulungu - An herbal remedy extracted from a South American tree, mulungu is said to have sedative properties.


A list of herbs, vitamins, and nutritional supplements that start with N.

N-Acetyl Glucosamine - A type of sugar that's similar to glucosamine, NAC appears to offer anti-inflammatory benefits.
N-Acetylcysteine - Converted in the body to an amino acid called cysteine.
Nattokinase - An enzyme extracted and purified from a Japanese food called natto.
Neem - Dubbed "nature's pharmacy", the neem tree has long been used for healing in ayurveda.
Nettle - Also called "stinging nettle", this herbal remedy is said to help with a number of health concerns.
Niacin - Also known as vitamin B3, niacin is sold in supplement form and found naturally in foods like dairy products, meat, poultry, eggs, and nuts.
Nigella Sativa - Also called "black cumin", Nigella sativa is a spice.
Noni Juice - An antioxidant-rich fruit native to Polynesia.
Nopal - A vitamin-C-rich substance sourced from the prickly pear cactus, proponents claim it can help alleviate hangover symptoms.


A list of herbs, vitamins, and nutritional supplements that start with O.

Oligonal - An antioxidant-rich substance sourced from lychee fruit.
Olive Leaf Extract - Rich in oleuropein, a substance found to offer antioxidant and anti-inflammatory benefits.
Omega-3 Fatty Acids - The healthful fats found in oily fish.
Oregano Oil - An oil derived from oregano and said to fight infections.
Oregon Grape - An herb with compounds that may ease inflammation.
Orthosilicic Acid - Found naturally in seawater, drinking water, and certain beverages, orthosilicic acid is a source of silicon.
Oscillococcinum - A remedy sometimes used to fend off the flu.
Oyster mushroom - A type of medicinal mushroom.


A list of herbs, vitamins, and nutritional supplements that start with P.

Papain - An enzyme found naturally in papaya, papain is thought to aid in digestion and alleviate pain in part by curbing inflammation.
Parsley - Often used in food, parsley has a number of substances thought to influence health.
Passionflower - Thought to promote relaxation by raisin levels of a chemical called gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the brain.
Pau D'Arco - An herbal remedy long used in Central and South American folk medicine.
Pelargonium - Often called "umcka", pelargonium is a herbal remedy long used in South Africa.
Peppermint - Said to ease muscle spasms, peppermint may help boost digestive health.
Peppermint Oil, Enteric-Coated - This peppermint oil is enteric-coated to prevent it from being released before it reaches the intestines.
PGX - Contains fiber and a class of carbohydrates known as polysaccharides.
Phellinus Lenteus - A type of medicinal mushroom that grows on mulberry trees.
Phosphatidylserine - An essential component of cell membranes, phosphatidylserine is thought to play a role in helping to regulate mood.
Phyllanthus - An herb long used in Indian medicine for a variety of health concerns.
Phytoestrogens - Chemicals found naturally in certain foods and plants that may mimic the action of estrogen.
Picamilon - Often referred to as a "smart drug", picamilon is made from niacin and gamma-aminobutyric acid (or GABA).
Piracetam - Dubbed a "smart drug" piracetam is derived from gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), a type of amino acid and brain chemical.
Plantain - A banana-like fruit long used in traditional Chinese medicine.
Podophyllum - Podophyllum roots contain podophyllotoxin, a substance thought to help certain skin disorders when applied topically (but known to act as a poison when consumed orally).
Policosanol - A dietary supplement used for high cholesterol.
Polypodium Leucotomos - A folk remedy used in Honduras for a variety of ailments.
Pomegrate Peel - Loaded with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory compounds.
Poria - A lesser-known medicinal mushroom.
Potassium Iodide
Pregnenolone - A steroid hormone that plays a key role in the production of other steroid hormones, such as DHEA.
Progesterone Cream - Typically made from soy or wild yam.
Propolis - A resinous substance collected from tree buds by bees.
Prunella Vulgaris - A vitamin C-rich herb that may help to fend off viruses and offer other health benefits.
Psyllium - Known as a mucilage, the fiber in psyllium seeds have been found to have a laxative effect.
Pterostilbene - Naturally present in blueberries, pterostilbene is a compound chemically similar to resveratrol (a potent antioxidant).
Pueraria mirifica - Found to contain phytoestrogens, this herb is used in traditional Chinese medicine.
Pycnogenol - An antioxidant-rich substance extracted from the French maritime pine tree bark.
Pygeum - A herbal remedy sourced from an African plum tree.


A list of herbs, vitamins, and nutritional supplements that start with Q.

Quassia - Said to stimulate digestion, quassia is sourced from a tree native to Jamaica.


A list of herbs, vitamins, and nutritional supplements that start with R.

Raspberry ketones - The compounds that give raspberries their sweet scent, raspberry ketones may promote the breakdown of fat cells, according to preliminary research.
Red Palm Oil - Extracted from the fruit of the African oil palm tree.
Red Raspberry Leaf - An herb said to enhance women's health.
Red Yeast Rice - A substance made from rice fermented with the yeast Monascus purpureus).
Resveratrol - A compound found naturally in red grapes and red wine.
Rhodiola - An herb said to promote physical and cognitive ability.
Ribose - This sugar is an essential part of ATP (a molecule involved in storing and releasing energy).
Rooibos - Also called "red tea", rooibos is an antioxidant-rich caffeine-free herbal infusion.
Rosehip - A type of fruit that develops from the blossoms of wild roses, rose hips are often used as an ingredient in herbal tea.
Royal Jelly - A substance produced by bees, royal jelly is rich in vitamins, amino acids, and compounds that may help curb inflammation.
Rutin - An antioxidant-rich substance found naturally in a number of foods and available in supplement form.


A list of herbs, vitamins, and nutritional supplements that start with S.

S-Adenosylmethionine - A supplement said to ease depression and arthritis pain. Also known as Sam-e.
Saccharomyces Boulardii - A probiotic sourced from the skin of such plants as lychee and mangosteen.
Sacha Inchi - The peanut-like seeds have long been used for healing in South America.
St. John's Wort - An herb said to boost mood and ease depression.
Saffron Extract - Also called Crocus sativus, saffron is gaining popularity as a natural weight loss aid.
Sage Tea - Made from the leaves of the sage plant.
Saussurea - Sometimes called snow lotus.
Saw Palmetto - An herb said to promote prostate health.
Schisandra - An herb sometimes called "five flavor berry".
Sea Buckthorn - A plant rich in essential fatty acids and antioxidants.
Sea Cucumber - A natural remedy said to boost joint health.
Senna - Contains compounds called anthraquinones, which are powerful laxatives.
Senna Tea - A tea made from the leaves of the senna plant.
Serrapeptase - An enzyme extracted from silkworms.
Shark Cartilage - Cartilage extracted from shark is typically touted as a natural remedy for cancer.
Shatavari - Long used in the traditional medicine of India for its health-promoting effects.
Shepherd's Purse - An herb in the mustard family sometimes taken to reduce heavy menstrual bleeding.
Shilajit - A brown-black resin, shilajit contains fulvic acid, a compound said to offer a variety of health benefits.
Shiitake Mushrooms - A type of medicinal mushroom.
Skullcap Soy - A plant packed with estrogen-like compounds called isoflavones.
Spirulina - A type of blue-green algae containing chlorophyll and other nutrients.
Slippery Elm - Contains mucilage, a gel-like substance that may ease irritated tissue.
Sterculic Oil - A natural substance extracted from the seeds of the wild almond tree, sterculic oil is said to protect against obesity-related health troubles.
Stevia - The sweet-tasting leaves of this plant have become popular as a natural sugar substitute.
Strontium - A chemical element found in seawater and available in supplement form.
Sulfur - A chemical element found naturally in foods like garlic and onions.
Suma - An herb sometimes called Brazilian ginseng.
Superoxide Dismutase - An enzyme found naturally in the body, superoxide dismutase helps protect against oxidative stress by promoting the breakdown of free radicals.


A list of herbs, vitamins, and nutritional supplements that start with T.

Tamanu Oil - Sourced from the seeds of an evergreen tree and used in traditional Asian and African medicine.
Tart Cherry - Contains anthocyanins, a type of antioxidant.
Taurine - An amino acid often found as an ingredient in energy drinks.
Theanine - An amino acid found naturally in green tea.
Thunder God Vine - A plant long used in traditional Chinese medicine.
Thymus Vulgaris - More commonly known as thyme, this herb may have immune-boosting benefits.
Tongkat Ali - A root of a tree used as a tea for libido, infertility, and stress.
Tribulus - Also known as "puncture vine", tribulus is an herb sometimes used to enhance athletic performance of increase libido.
Triphala - Long used to boost head-to-toe wellness, triphala is a blend of three ayurvedic herbs.
Tulsi - Also called "holy basil", tulsi is closely related to culinary basil.
Turmeric - The spice used to make curry powder.
Tyrosine - An essential amino acid that plays a role in the production of several brain chemicals.


A list of herbs, vitamins, and nutritional supplements that start with U.

Umcka - An herbal remedy used in traditional South African medicine.


A list of herbs, vitamins, and nutritional supplements that start with V.
Vanadium - A trace metal found in some foods (including dill seeds and black pepper), vanadium is thought to play a role in certain biological functions like bone growth.
Valerian - An herb said to have a sedating effect.
Viburnum - Also called cramp bark, viburnum is sometimes used as a remedy for muscle tension and menstrual cramps.
Vinpocetine - A prescription drug in Europe for heart disease and Alzheimer's disease but sold as a dietary supplement in the U.S.
Vitamin A - A vitamin with antioxidant effects.
Vitamin B Complex - A dietary supplement containing the B vitamins.
Vitamin B5 - Required for normal growth and development.
Vitamin B6 - Supports the immune system and helps the body break down protein.
Vitamin B12 - Reduces levels of homocysteine (an amino acid thought to contribute to heart disease when it occurs at elevated levels).
Vitamin C - A water-soluble vitamin needed for normal growth and development and the healing of tissues.
Vitamin D - The so-called sunshine vitamin.
Vitamin E - A vitamin considered essential to many aspects of health.
Vitamin K - Vitamins involved in blood clotting and maintaining bone health.
Vitamin K2 - A member of the vitamin K family.


A list of herbs, vitamins, and nutritional supplements that start with W.

Wheatgrass - The newly sprouted shoots of wheat grains, typically taken in "shots" or blended into smoothies.
Wheatgrass Juice - A chlorophyll-rich drink made from wheatgrass.
White Bean Extract - Thought to inhibit alpha-amylase (a digestive enzyme involved in breaking down carbohydrates into sugar.
White Birch - Contains the compound called betulinic acid.
White Mulberry - This plant contains a class of antioxidant compounds known as anthocyanins.
White Tea - Like other types of tea, white tea comes from the Camellia sinensis plant, however, it's not heated or oxidized in its preparation.
White Willow - Contains salicin (a compound chemically similar to aspirin).
Wild Cherry Bark - Extracted from the Prunus serotina tree, wild cherry bark is an ingredient found in some herbal cough syrups.
Wild Indigo - Rich in compounds thought to stimulate the immune system.
Wild Lettuce - Once used as an alternative to opium, wild lettuce was used in the 19th century to promote sleep and alleviate pain.
Wild Yam - A plant used for menopausal symptoms and more.

Wormwood- Best known as a flavoring for absinthe, wormwood is sometimes used for digestive concerns.


A list of herbs, vitamins, and nutritional supplements that start with X.

Xiao Yao Wan - A Chinese herbal formula for mental health concerns.
Xylitol Toothpaste - Contains xylitol, a sugar alcohol often sourced from birch trees and other types of plants.


A list of herbs, vitamins, and nutritional supplements that start with Y.

Yarrow - Sourced from a flowering plant called Achillea millefolium.
Yellow Dock - An herb thought to help with digestion.
Yerba Mate - A treasured tea in its native South America. 
Yerba Santa - The extract is typically taken from the leaf of the plant.
Yohimbe - A supplement used for depression and erectile dysfunction which has is toxic at relatively low doses.
Yucca - A potato-like, fiber-rich food, yucca contains compounds that appear to reduce inflammation and may help arthritis pain.


A list of herbs, vitamins, and nutritional supplements that start with Z.

Ziziphus - A genus of plants that includes such species as Ziziphus jujuba (jujube).

A Word From Verywell on Using Herbs, Vitamins, and Supplements

There are many more herbs, vitamins, and supplements in addition to those mentioned here that have made their way to the U.S. marketplace. Many people prefer using these "natural" remedies, but it's important to keep in mind that herbal remedies can have side effects just as pharmaceutical medications can, and interactions with prescription drugs may also occur. You can click on any of the links above to learn more about the possible benefits of the particular supplement which interests you, as well as some of the possible risks.


U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Dietary Supplements. Updated 09/05/17.

Disclaimer: The information contained on this site is intended for educational purposes only and is not a substitute for advice, diagnosis or treatment by a licensed physician. It is not meant to cover all possible precautions, drug interactions, circumstances or adverse effects. You should seek prompt medical care for any health issues and consult your doctor before using alternative medicine or making a change to your regimen.