Can You Masturbate When Being Treated for an STD?

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I often get questions about whether it's safe to masturbate while undergoing STD treatment. People also frequently want to know if they can get an STD from masturbation. The answer both question requires an understanding of how STDs are spread. If you don't have an STD, you can't get one from masturbating. (Unless you're using an infected sex toy.) If you do have an STD the safety of masturbating varies depending on your diagnosis.

The answer for chlamydia and most other bacterial STDs is that it's safe to masturbate.

You should practice safe sex to avoid infecting a partner until you (or both of you) are done with treatment. However, there's no reason not to masturbate as much as you want. However, there are some times when masturbation during STD treatment might not be the best idea. There are also a few things that you need to be aware of to keep your sex life safe. That's true even when you're only having sex with yourself.

Answer:

It is generally safe to masturbate while you are being treated for bacterial STDs, such as chlamydia, gonorrhea, and trichomoniasis. These STDs are treated systemically with antibiotics. They also aren't spread by skin to skin contact. It's also pretty safe to masturbate with sexually associated infections such as bacterial vaginosis and yeast infections, even if you're using local treatment. However, with any of these diseases, there are some precautions you should take.

Of you masturbate with sex toys or other objects you should be certain to cover them with condoms and/or disinfect them thoroughly between masturbation sessions. If you don't, those same toys could end up harboring fomites. That could end up reinfecting you at a later date.

On the other hand, if you are infected with a treatable STD that spreads by skin to skin contact, the answer is different.

You will want to be more cautious about masturbating. It is possible to spread diseases such as molluscum or herpes around your body through a process known as autoinoculation. In other words, if you touch a sore, you can move infectious material to another part of your skin and start to get sores there. Therefore, as much as possible, you should try to avoid touching active sores or disease lesions during masturbation. It is also possible to end up with infectious material trapped under your nails. Therefore, masturbation or mutual masturbation with gloved hands is always a good option.

As for diseases that can be treated, but not cured, such as HIV, masturbation safety varies by disease. It is possible to auto-inoculate yourself with herpes, so you should either avoid masturbating during an outbreak or be careful not to touch your sores. However, you can not re-infect yourself with HIV. The risk there is masturbation in a shared environment. If you do that, be certain to clean up after a session to avoid the risk of exposing anyone you live/work/play with to potentially infectious biological fluids.

Potentially infectious secretions include semen, vaginal secretions, blood, and breast milk. 

Making Masturbation Safer

People don't always know when they are infected with an STD. Therefore, here are some things to keep in mind that can make masturbation safer without making it less fun.

  1. Wash your hands before and after masturbation. This helps you avoid transferring bacteria or other pathogens to or from your genitals.
  2. Avoid touching your eyes while you are masturbating. The eyes are mucosal surfaces, just like the genital region. This means they are susceptible to a number of STDs. Furthermore, ocular STD infections can be extremely nasty. If untreated, they can even lead to blindness.
  3. Always clean any sex toys you use thoroughly after use.
  4. Never share sex toys without covering them with condoms or disinfecting them thoroughly.
  5. If you find pimples, sores, or other strange bumps while masturbating, immediately go and wash your hands. Then try to avoid touching them. Although they may not be STD related, it's better to be careful. You do not want to end up moving bacteria around your genitals if you can avoid it. Furthermore, you may want to consider seeing your doctor or visiting an STD clinic for screening. That will allow you  to make sure that you do not have an infection.

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