30 Minutes a Day Keeps Fat Away

Walking and exercise, even without dieting, can prevent weight gain

Three Young Walking Women
© Depositphotos.com / yobro10

The minimum daily requirement of exercise to prevent weight gain is 30 minutes a day of walking, or 12 miles a week of walking or running. A study of sedentary, overweight men and women (aged 40-65 years) showed they lost body fat and weight when they walked or ran 12 miles a week during an 8-month study, without changing their diet. A control group of non-exercisers all gained weight and fat during the 8-month study.

Get Your Minimum Daily Requirement of Walking

"From the perspective of prevention, it appears that the 30 minutes per day will keep most people from gaining the additional weight associated with inactivity," said said Cris Slentz, Ph.D of the Duke University research team in a news release. "Given the increase in obesity in the U.S., it would seem likely that many in our society may have fallen below this minimal level of physical activity required to maintain body weight."

The results of this study matched recommendations made by health authorities for exercise for health and weight loss. The CDC recommends, "Work your way up to 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity, 75 minutes of vigorous-intensity aerobic activity, or an equivalent mix of the two each week. Strong scientific evidence shows that physical activity can help you maintain your weight over time." The CDC further cautions that individual results may vary, and you may need more exercise to prevent gaining weight.

More Exercise and Higher Intensity Even Better

The group that exercised at 65-80% of maximum heart rate (equivalent of running or racewalking) for 20 miles a week saw even better results than those who either ran for 12 miles a week or walked for 12 miles a week.

This shows that more is better, and a vigorous intensity workout is also better.

Results of the Exercise and Weight Loss Study

  • Walking 30 minutes a day or 12 miles a week at 40-55 percent maximum heart rate: Lost 1 percent of body weight, lost 1.6 percent of waist measurement, lost 2 percent of body fat and gained 0.7 percent lean muscle.
  • Jogging at 65-80 percent of maximum heart rate for 12 miles a week: lost 1 percent of body weight, lost 1.4 percent of waist measurement, lost 2.6 percent of body fat, gained 1.4 percent lean muscle.
  • Jogging at 65-80 percent of maximum heart rate for 20 miles a week: lost 3.5 percent of body weight, lost 3.4 percent of waist measurement, lost 4.9 percent of body fat, gained 1.4 percent lean muscle.
  • Non-exercise control group: Gained 1.1 percent weight, gained 0.8 percent waist measurement, gained 0.5 percent body fat.

Exercise Without Dieting Reduces Health Risks

The study shows the effects of exercise without dieting in maintaining body weight and reducing risk of major illness.

"This study revealed a clear dose-response effect between the amount of exercise and decreases in measurements of central obesity and total body fat mass, reversing the effects seen in the inactive group," Slentz said. "The close relationship between central body fat and cardiovascular disease, diabetes and hypertension lends further importance to this finding."

Time to Get Moving?

  • Treadmill Walking Weight Loss Plan: Use this free plan to use a variety of workouts throughout the week to burn calories on the treadmill.
  • 30-Day Quick Start Walking Plan: Daily program for beginners to build up from zero to walking for 30 minutes a day.
  • How to Walk Faster: Walkers can achieve the higher heart rate levels needed for more health and weight loss benefits. With a few changes, you can be walking faster.

The Duke study was supported by a $4.3 million grant from the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. The trial, dubbed STRRIDE (Studies of Targeted Risk Reduction Interventions through Defined Exercise), was led by Duke cardiologist William Kraus, M.D.

Sources:

CDC. Physical activity for a healthy weight. http://www.cdc.gov/healthyweight/physical_activity/index.html.

Cris A. Slentz, Brian D. Duscha, et.al. "Effects of the Amount of Exercise on Body Weight, Body Composition, and Measures of Central Obesity," Archives of Internal Medcine 2004;164:31-39.

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