Neck Exercises for Arthritis Joint Pain

Exercises for Arthritis and for When Your Neck Hurts

Are you living with neck arthritis? If so, here are a few lifestyle tips that may prove useful for preventing and/or managing the pain.

 Most of the tips are related to moving your body, but I've included some sleep related info, as well.

Neck Exercises for Arthritis - Increase Your Range of Motion

A senior woman exercises her back using a resistance band.
A senior woman exercises her back using a resistance band. MartinaOsmey

Increasing neck range of motion is by far the most important strategy for reducing pain, stiffness and disability associated with your arthritis. The good news is that you don't have do intense exercise — often, very simple movement will produce good results.

With that said, though, you should request an exercise program from your doctor or physical therapist, since each person's arthritis is unique.

Determining exactly which exercises to do, how many times to do them,  and the intensity level with which to do them are all best done in partnership with a health professional who has evaluated you.

And because such health professionals also understand the arthritic disease process, they can effectively monitor your progress, and  accurately answer any questions you may have.

Related:  When to See a Rheumatologist for Your Neck or Back Pain

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Neck Exercises for Arthritis Joint Pain - Develop Strength

Skeleton showing neck and back muscles.
The levator scapula muscles attaches on the top inside border of your shoulder bone and goes to the neck. SCIEPRO/Science Photo Library/Getty Images

Making sure your neck muscles are nice and strong (with exercise) is another important strategy for managing common symptoms, such as pain and stiffness. Strong muscles hold your neck up and keep it in good alignment. Without this, you may be subjecting your neck to unnecessary compression or pressure, which generally makes symptoms worse.

Neck strengthening exercises may also help you better manage the course of the disease.

Hagit Rajter, physical therapist at the Joint Mobility Center at New York's Hospital for Special Surgery, recommends targeting muscles at the back of your skull for strengthening. In particular, she says, cervical retraction is a very beneficial movement. Rajter also recommends isometric exercise.

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AM and PM Arthritis Joint Pain

Senior woman sleeping
Senior woman sleeping. Blend Images - Jose Luis Pelaez Inc/Brand X/Getty Images

For some people with neck arthritis, mornings and nights present the greatest challenges. How do you deal with morning stiffness? And what do you do to fall asleep when your neck hurts?

First things first: Increasing range of motion is key for managing symptoms of any type of arthritis, including neck arthritis. If you keep that in mind — e.g., you make it your daily mantra, so to speak — you have the start of a good strategy, especially when dealing with morning stiffness.

You can develop your range of motion via stretching, yoga, and, as I mentioned earlier in the Neck Range of Motion section, by doing very simple, gentle neck movements. It's best to get a home exercise program (from your doctor or physical therapist) that's tailored to your condition.

Also, the Arthritis Foundation sponsors exercise classes in local communities all over the country. If you attend one or more of these, you can learn and practice the more commonly-recommended movements in a group setting. Generally speaking, there is music and company at these activities, so who knows — you may even have some fun!

Not only does increased range of motion and neck flexibility help decrease stiffness, it also contributes positively to the interrelated changes in your spine that lead to the stiffness. This, in turn, may also help relieve pain. And flexibility in general helps decrease the possibility of injury.

I'll talk more about getting to sleep (and staying there) in the next section, because there's a lot to know, but one thing you can think about here is your positioning. Rule number 1 is: Be comfortable. Here are a few image galleries to get you thinking about ideal sleep positioning:

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Sleep Well With Neck Arthritis

Woman demonstrates using rolled towel as neck support.
Woman demonstrates using rolled towel as neck support. Comstock Images/Stockbyte/Getty Images

Along with positioning yourself for comfort, you can improve your chances of getting a good night's sleep by making sure your head is in alignment with your neck. This means no turning your head or rotating your neck, as such a position can lead to compression, pinched nerves and/or symptoms such as radiculopathy. To avoid sleeping with your neck rotated, the best thing is to avoid sleeping on your stomach.

Another way to align your head relative to your spine while sleeping is to use the right kind of pillow (or a rolled up towel — no need to spend a lot of money) to support your neck. When purchasing your pillow, be sure to choose one that's comfortable.

And finally, you might ask your doctor or physical therapist about a soft collar that is designed for bed time. For some people, soft collars worn at night help support the neck, which may also help keep it in alignment.

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Make It Interesting With Yoga

A woman stands in the yoga tadasna or mountain pose.
The start position for the stretching exercise for pecs at the corner is standing with good posture and gaze forward. fizkes

Many people who've been strongly encouraged to exercise by their doctors get bored with a generic routine, especially once the reality of doing the same exact movements every single day sets in.

If you get the okay from your doctor and/or physical therapist, you might want to switch things up a bit by trying yoga. Yoga helps with alignment, which may in turn help take pressure off your spine. It's also known for developing flexibility, as well as muscle strength. As we've already discussed, flexibility and strength can really help you manage symptoms such as pain and stiffness.

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Get Wet!

Water therapy flotation equipment.
Water therapy flotation equipment. BanksPhotos/E+/Getty Images E+

Water exercise is another commonly recommended activity for people with spinal arthritis. In fact, for some it is the exercise of choice.

Water has buoyancy, which removes the effects of gravity and reduces pressure on the spine, allowing you to move more fully.  If you're curious about this type of exercise, check out the following:

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