Side Effects Linked with the Nortriptyline

Nortriptyline can cause headaches.
Nortriptyline can cause headaches.. ONOKY - Eric Audras/Getty Images

Nortriptyline is a tricyclic antidepressant sometimes sold under the brand names Pamelor and Aventyl (other brand names exist outside the U.S.). The medication may be used in the treatment of bipolar disorder, other mood disorders such as depression, and also for some other conditions, including migraine headaches, bedwetting and chronic pain.

As with all prescription drugs, nortriptyline comes with the risk of certain side effects.

Here's a guide to what you need to watch out for when taking this medication.

Common Nortriptyline Side Effects

The most common side effects of nortriptyline include:

  • dizziness
  • drowsiness
  • dry mouth or an unpleasant taste in your mouth
  • headache
  • increased appetite, possibly with a craving for sweets
  • nausea
  • tiredness or mild weakness
  • weight gain

Generally, any of these side effects should be mild with the medication. If you find they're problematic, talk to your doctor about it.

Less Common Nortriptyline Side Effects

These side effects of nortriptyline are not seen as frequently as those above, but still may occur:

  • diarrhea
  • heartburn
  • increased sweating
  • trouble sleeping (more common with the related medication protriptyline, especially when taken late in the day)
  • vomiting

If any of these side effects occur, discuss them with your doctor.

Potentially Serious Nortriptyline Side Effects

These side effects of nortriptyline aren't very common, but they're potentially serious when they do occur.

If you experience any of these, contact your doctor about them right away.

Less common (but potentially serious) side effects:

  • blurred vision
  • confusion or delirium
  • constipation (especially if you're elderly)
  • decreased sexual ability (more common with the related medications amoxapine and clomipramine)
  • difficulty in speaking or swallowing
  • eye pain
  • fainting
  • fast or irregular heartbeat (pounding, racing, skipping)
  • hallucinations
  • loss of balance
  • mask-like face
  • nervousness or restlessness
  • problems urinating
  • shakiness or trembling
  • shuffling walk
  • slowed movements
  • stiffness of arms and legs

Rare but potentially serious side effects:

  • anxiety
  • breast enlargement (in both men and women)
  • inappropriate secretion of milk in women
  • increased sensitivity to sunlight
  • irritability
  • twitching muscles
  • red or brownish spots on skin
  • ringing, buzzing or other unexplained sounds in the ears
  • seizures (more common with related medication clomipramine)
  • skin rash and itching
  • sore throat and fever
  • swelling of face and tongue
  • swelling of testicles (more common with the related medication amoxapine)
  • trouble with teeth or gums (more common with the related medication clomipramine)
  • severe weakness
  • yellow eyes or skin

Side Effects of Discontinuing Medication

Never stop taking a medication without talking to your doctor first. If you and your doctor decide you should stop taking nortriptyline, you'll likely need to taper your dose down, since discontinuing the drug all at once can lead to side effects such as headache and nausea.

Other potential side effects as you're stopping nortriptyline can include: irritability, vomiting or diarrhea, restlessness, trouble sleeping, vivid dreams, and unusual excitement.

It's also possible to overdose on nortriptyline. Symptoms of an overdose include: confusion; convulsions (seizures); disturbed concentration; drowsiness (severe); enlarged pupils; fast, slow, or irregular heartbeat; fever; hallucinations (seeing, hearing, or feeling things that are not there); restlessness and agitation; shortness of breath or troubled breathing; unusual tiredness or weakness (severe); and vomiting. If any of these symptoms occur, seek emergency medical help.

Continue Reading