Oral Surgery Explained

Types of Oral Surgeries and the Training Necessary To Perform Them

Oral Surgery Image
After Extensive Oral Surgery. Image: ADAM


Oral surgery is the area of medicine concerned with correcting problems or damage to the mouth, teeth and jaw.

Oral Surgery Explained

Oral surgery is commonly performed to remove wisdom teeth, prepare the mouth for dentures, repair jaw problems and perform root canals. They may treat tooth abscesses and other infections of the mouth, cancer of the oral cavity, and remove teeth to prepare the patient for dentures.


There are a wide variety of procedures that are considered oral surgery, but the most common are done to treat tooth pain and often include extractions. Dental implants are typically placed by oral surgeons, who may also perform cosmetic procedures to improve the appearance of the teeth and smile. 

Who Performs Oral Surgery and Maxillofacial Procedures

Oral surgery is technically the practice of surgically correcting and treating problems with the mouth, teeth and jaw, and is performed by oral surgeons who may be dentists or physicians.   Oral surgeons are trained as dentists typically concentrate their practice on the oral cavity, specifically on the teeth, but can perform other procedures in the mouth. 

That said, many oral surgeons are both oral and maxillofacial surgeons trained as physicians in the traditional path to a surgical specialty. These individuals are trained to work on the oral cavity as well as the structures of the jaw and face.


Also Known As: oral and maxillofacial surgery, maxillofacial surgery, dental surgery, extractions,

Examples: The oral surgeon explained the procedure for removing the wisdom teeth.

Continue Reading