Physical Therapy : What to Expect

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Physical therapists can help you move better and feel better.. Morse Images /Getty Images

Physical therapy is a health care specialty concerned with treating disorders of the musculoskeletal, neurological, and cardiac system and how those disorders affect your interaction with physical movement.

Physical therapists are licensed professionals who hold a master’s or doctorate degree in physical therapy. They work in a wide variety of settings including hospitals, rehabilitation clinics, out-patient facilities, schools, and nursing homes.

Any time you are having difficulty performing your normal day-to-day activities means you may benefit from the skilled services of a physical therapist. Your PT can assess your mobility and offer you strategies to help you move better and feel better. Your physical therapist can prescribe exercises to help improve your range of motion (ROM), strength, and balance. A cardiac rehab specialist can help improve your endurance and cardiac function to help you get back to your normal activities.

What is Physical Therapy?
Physical therapy is a health care specialty involved with evaluating, diagnosing, and treating disorders of the musculoskeletal system. The ultimate goal of physical therapy is to restore maximal functional independence to each individual patient. To achieve this goal, physical treatments such as exercise, heat, cold, electricity, and massage are utilized.

What is a Physical Therapist?
Physical therapists are licensed professionals who work with people that have sustained disabilities, impairments, or limitations in their overall physical function.

These deviations can be the result of disease, injury, or pathological processes. You may require physical therapy after surgery to help you recover fully and to help you move around safely after your operation.

How Long Does Physical Therapy Take?
How long will physical therapy take is a common question asked by many patients.

Although the question itself is a simple one, the answer is much more difficult. your rehab course should be individualized and may take a few sessions or several weeks to achieve your PT goals.

How Do I Set Appropriate Rehabilitation Goals?
Setting goals is the best way to achieve a successful rehabilitation outcome. When starting physical therapy, you must think what is it that you want to accomplish at the end of your program. The goals you set should be important to you. However, they must also be realistic and attainable. Your physical therapist will then work with you to devise an appropriate treatment program to help achieve your rehabilitation goals.

Remember that your rehab goals are changeable; as you recover you may need to set new goals. If you are having difficulty attaining your PT goals, you may need to work with your therapist to adjust your goals. Your physical therapy goals should focus on improving your mobility and overall function so you can do the things you want to do.

What Conditions Does Physical Therapy Treat?
There are many conditions for which physical therapy is one of the key forms of treatment. Due to this there are several specialty areas in the field of physical therapy. Although this is well known throughout the profession, it is often overlooked by the general public. Common speciality areas in physical therapy include:

  • Orthopedic and sports physical therapy
  • Neurological physical therapy
  • Sports physical therapy
  • Pediatric physical therapy
  • Cardiac rehab

If you are unsure if you need a specialist physical therapist, check in with your doctor. He or she may be able to help you find a qualified PT for your particular condition and situation.

If you have any problem that causes pain or difficulty with normal functional mobility, a visit to your physical therapist can help you recover quickly and get back to your normal activity level.

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