Why Do Women Have Abortions?

How Women Decide Abortion Is the Right Choice for Them

Abortion Reasons
Abortion Reasons. Janie Airey/Getty Images

Understanding women’s reasons for abortion can help personalize the debate over the issue, correct public misconceptions, and allow the chance for compassion. How do women decide it is the right thing to do, not just for themselves, but also for the unborn child and their other children?

Unfortunately, there are not a lot of places where women can talk about their abortion reasons—or their feelings after seeking an abortion—without being judged.

Even though abortion is the most common surgical procedure performed for women in the US, it is also the most stigmatized.

The decision to have an abortion is generally decided by many reasons. Most women usually cite several reasons for abortion. Research has consistently revealed similar reasons from women as to why they’ve chosen to have an abortion.

Most Common Abortion Reasons

According to research collected from 2008 through 2010, the most frequently cited answers women provide as reasons for abortion (and the percentage of women who provided them) are the following. Note that women were able to give multiple reasons in this survey:

  • Not financially prepared: 40 percent
  • Bad timing, not ready, or unplanned: 36 percent
  • Partner-related reasons (including the relationship is bad or new, she doesn't want to be a single mother, her partner is not supportive, does not want the baby, is abusive, or is the wrong guy): 31 percent
  • Need to focus on her other children: 29 percent
  • Not emotionally or mentally prepared: 19 percent
  • Interferes with educational or vocational plans: 20 percent
  • Health related reasons (includes concern for her own health, the health of the fetus, use of prescription or non-prescription drugs, alcohol, or tobacco): 12 percent
  • Want a better life for a baby than she could provide: 12 percent
  • Not independent or mature enough for a baby: 7 percent
  • Influences from family or friends: 5 percent
  • Doesn't want a baby or to place the baby for adoption: 4 percent
  • Partner-related issues: 31 percent

This survey used open-ended questions rather than having women select from a checklist of researcher-generated reasons. Previous surveys that had a set of answers got many responses for these reasons:

  • Having a baby would dramatically change my life
  • I have completed my childbearing
  • Don’t want people to know I had sex or got pregnant

It is also interesting to point out that most women cite two to four reasons for abortion, not just one. In general, younger women often cite that they are unprepared for the transition to motherhood, and older women consistently indicate that they are already responsible for children and/or are past the childbearing stage in their lives.

Misconceptions About Reasons for Abortion

There are many who think women’s reasons for abortion center around using it simply as a method of birth control. A common perception is that abortion is done for convenience and as an easy way out. However, abortion is a complicated and complex issue.

Most women who are faced with this decision do not make it lightly.

Most women of every age, race, income level, parity, and education who chose an abortion cite reasons having to do with concerns about responsibility to children and other dependents—as well as concern about the children they may have in the future. Women say they base their decision mainly on their ability to remain financially stable as well as being able to care for the children they already have.

Women who have had an abortion say it is not the easy way out. It's a painful and difficult decision she makes in consideration of what is the right thing to do by the child.

It's a decision that will be with her for the rest of her life.

The Complexity of Abortion Decisions

A common judgment about a woman with an unplanned pregnancy is that she was irresponsible and not using birth control. However, half of all unintended pregnancies occur while women are using birth control. Given this, when faced with the reality that their birth control failed, many women are conflicted over what to do. For some, abortion is against her morality or religious beliefs, yet not for others. The public debate over abortion also makes the choice more complex. The decision to seek an abortion is multifaceted and usually heart-wrenching for the people involved.

Research further establishes that women who chose abortion stress how they consciously examined the moral aspects of their abortion decision. Interestingly, though some of these women believe that abortion is wrong and sinful, many of those same women (and others, in general) expressed that the act of carelessly having a child is sinful as well. They came to the decision that having an abortion was the correct thing to do and the most responsible choice. Most women who have chosen to terminate their pregnancies will speak to the complexity of their decision as well as how intense and difficult it is to make a decision.

Women take into account the moral weight of their responsibilities to their families, themselves, and children they might have in the future. Personal, family, social, moral, and economic factors all factor into reasons for abortion.

Shedding light on women’s reasons for seeking abortions can help can inform public opinion—and hopefully help to prevent or correct misperceptions. Understanding the complexity of this decision and the reasons why a woman chooses to exercise this choice may open the doorway for compassion and understanding for women face in this painful situation.

Source:

Biggs MA, Gould H, Foster DG. Understanding why women seek abortions in the US. BMC Womens Health. 2013;13(1). doi:10.1186/1472-6874-13-29.

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