Scaly Scalp Rashes in Children

A mom buying her kids shampoo.
You may need to buy your child a medicated shampoo if he has a scaly scalp. Photo by Getty Images

In a school-aged child, the most common things that would cause a scaly spot on a child's head include:

  • Tinea capitis - a fungal infection (ringworm) on the scalp, which would usually not respond to a topical antifungal cream or ointment and instead needs an oral medication, like griseofulvin
  • Bacterial staph infections - which if you are in an area where MRSA is common, treatment with Bactrim (TMP/SMX) would be appropriate
  • Seborrheic dermatitis - a greasy, red, scaly, itchy rash that can be found on a child's scalp, behind their ears, and on the sides of their nose. It is often treated with anti-dandruff shampoos and steroid oils and lotions, but is not very common before a child begins puberty.

Persistent Scaly Scalp Rashes

What about when a scaly scalp rash won't go away?

That may be caused by Pityriasis amiantacea, which is a reaction to many of those other more common skin rashes.  A child may have a bacterial scalp infection or seborrheic dermatitis, for example, and develops thick yellowish scales on their hair.

Less commonly, children with psoriasis, dermatomyositis, and lupus erythematosus, may have a scaly red scalp.

In addition to seeing your pediatrician, it may help to begin using a medicated shampoo, including something like Selsun Blue, Head and Shoulders, Nizoral, or Neutrogena T/Gel.

Like with cradle cap, it is sometimes also helpful to try and remove scale from a child's scalp by rubbing it with mineral oil and then washing it out with a medicated shampoo.

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