The Five Types of Science Fair Projects

High school teacher talking to student about solar powered machine
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Science fair projects are not all the same in method or procedure. There are distinctions that are made because of the way things in different sciences need to be studied. Here is a listing of the five types of science fair projects and an explanation of each.

  1. Investigative
    In this type of project you ask a question, construct a hypothesis, test your hypothesis using an experiment and draw conclusions from your experiment.
  1. Laboratory Demonstration
    In this type of project you repeat an experiment and retest a hypothesis. These experiments can be found in books, on the net or your science classroom.
  2. Research and Poster
    In this type of project you do extensive research on a topic, write a research paper and do a visual of the main points of what you found in your research. Many times backboards are used to do the visual part of this project.
  3. Hobby or Collections
    In this type of project you display a collection of objects or interesting artifacts so that the viewer gets a sense of knowledge about your topic. It involves library research but generally no hypothesis is formulated or tested. Examples: Rock collections, Egyptian mummies.
  4. Model Building
    In this type of project you build a scaled model to illustrate a scientific principle. Examples: Shadow boxes of land formations, a model of the solar system.

Need some project ideas or inspiration?

Take a look at Science Fair project ideas to get you started.

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