Exercises for Vertigo or Dizziness Caused by BPPV

1
Exercises for Vertigo

Begin by sitting comfortably on the edge of your bed. © Brett Sears, 2011

If you have benign paroxysmal position vertigo (BPPV) you may be experiencing vertigo or dizziness that occurs with changing positions. The room may feel like it is spinning and you may feel dizzy or nauseous. Your doctor may perform specific treatments like the Epley Maneuver or Semont Maneuver to help your problem.

Your doctor may also refer you to physical therapy to help manage the symptoms of BPPV. You may be prescribed balance exercises and habituation exercises to help treat your BPPV. The Brandt Daroff exercises also can be a useful tool in the self-care program for BPPV.

Brandt Daroff exercises are used to help accommodate your brain to the changes that have occurred when your BPPV first started. These exercises are not used to return crystals to their proper place in your inner ear (that's what the Epley maneuver is for.) They simply help your brain adjust properly to the vertigo and spinning sensations you have been feeling.

Follow the step-by-step instructions to start managing the symptoms of BPPV. Be sure to consult your physical therapist or doctor before starting to be sure that the Brandt Daroff exercises are safe for you to perform.

Start by sitting comfortably on the edge of your bed.

2
Quickly Lie on One Side

Quickly lie down on one side. © Brett Sears, 2011

Quickly lie down on one side. It should only take one to two seconds to get into this position. Be sure to keep your head at a 45 degree angle with the bed. To do this, imagine you are looking at a person's face who is standing about four feet in front of you.

Getting into this position may bring on your symptoms. This is expected. Remain in this position for 30 seconds or until your symptoms subside.

3
Quickly Return to the Sitting Position

Quickly return to the sitting position. © Brett Sears, 2011

Once your vertigo symptoms susbide from lying on your side, quickly return to the sitting position. It should only take you one to two seconds to return to the sitting position. Be prepared for your dizzy symptoms to return upon sitting.

Remain in this position for 30 seconds or until your symptoms subside, and then proceed to the next step.

4
Quickly Lie on the Other Side

Quickly lie on the other side. © Brett Sears, 2011

Once your symptoms have subsided after sitting, quickly lie on your opposite side. It should only take you a couple of seconds to get into this position.

Remember that your head should remain at a 45 degree angle in relation to the bed. This position may bring on your dizzy and spinning symptoms. Remain in this position for 30 seconds or until your symptoms subside, then proceed to the final step of the Brandt Daroff exercises.

5
Quickly Return to the Final Sitting Position

Finish by sitting on the edge of your bed. © Brett Sears, 2011

Once your dizzy and spinning sensations have subsided while lying on your side, quickly return to the sitting position. It should only take a couple of seconds to assume this position. Be careful as you may experience dizzy symptoms upon sitting.

You have now completed one set of Brandt Daroff exercises for your BPPV.

Repeat five repetitions of Brandt Daroff exercises three times per day. Most patients begin to notice improvement of their symptoms after about five to ten days of Brandt Daroff exercises. Once your symptoms have resolved, performing Brandt Daroff exercises a few times per week may help prevent symptoms from returning.

If you are experiencing the dizzy and spinning sensations associated with BPPV, check with your doctor and physical therapist to see if Brandt Daroff exercises are right for you. The exercises may help you return to normal function and may offer a preventive strategy to keep symptoms away.

Continue Reading