How to Teach a Child to Ride a Bike

What's the best way to accomplish this big-kid milestone, the two-wheeled bike?

How to ride a bicycle - training wheels
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You might be surprised at the passionate opinions out there on the topic of teaching young children how to ride a bicycle. Some people are training-wheel-haters, calling them "worthless" and even "evil." Others note that there are millions of kids who have used training wheels (also called "stabilizers") to learn how to ride successfully. 

The best learn-to-ride method depends on your child's interest and confidence level, her physical ability, and the environment where she'll be learning.

Any of these popular methods might work well for your child:

Learn How to Ride a Bike with Training Wheels

Many starter bikes for kids come equipped with training wheels, which fit onto the bicycle's back wheel and help the rider balance. With this method, the child learns how to pedal and steer first, without having to worry about keeping the bike upright. Once she has mastered pedaling and steering, you can gradually raise the training wheels higher off the ground so that the bike is a little more unstable.

As your child gains confidence on this less balanced bike, eventually she will be ready to have the stabilizers removed all together. Sometimes it helps to have her practice on a grassy area, instead of pavement, so falls are less painful. And of course, your child should always wear a bike helmet, whether she is on a tricycle or a two-wheeler.

Learn How to Ride with a Balance Bike

This increasingly popular method takes the opposite tack: you teach your child to balance first, before he learns to pedal or steer.

You need a special learning bike called a balance bike. Or you can start with a regular kid-sized bicycle, small enough (or with the seat lowered far enough) that your child's feet can easily touch the ground. Remove the pedals temporarily so he can focus only on balancing.

In this manner, your child will be able to control his own balance by putting his feet down on the ground when he feels unsteady.

Start your lessons on a slight downhill, so your child gets the feeling of moving forward while balancing.

After your child is comfortable with coasting downhill, and pushing himself along on a flat surface, reattach the pedals and have him try putting his feet on them while he rolls down a gentle incline. Eventually, he will master turning the pedals with his feet; then you can try having him ride on flat ground. After a few practice sessions there, he may be ready for his seat to be raised to a more comfortable pedaling height, or to move up to a larger bike.

Learn How to Ride While a Parent Pushes the Bike

If your child resists riding an undersized bike, or you don't have one available, you can try this old standby. Settle your child onto her bicycle, without training wheels, and hold her by the shoulders. Don't use the handlebars or seat; if you do, it subtly influences your child's balance and prevents her from learning the skill on her own.

As with the training-wheel method, use this strategy to help your child learn pedaling and steering without having to focus on balance just yet. Eventually, you can begin to let go and allow your child to balance on her own.

Tip: Don't let go without telling your child.

If she falls at a time that she felt she would be safe, you lose her trust. Also, it's not safe for her to keep looking back over her shoulder to check on you.

Once your child is comfortable on a two-wheeler, it won't matter how he got there. He'll be ready to share bike rides with the family, pedal to and from school, or even compete in bicycle races.

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