Top 3 Reasons Kids Tell Lies

There are Three Main Reasons Kids Tell Lies
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It’s normal for kids to stretch the truth and tell tall tales at one time or another. but, without appropriate intervention, lying can become a bad habit.

Before you decide how to respond when your child's dishonesty, it's important to consider the possible reasons behind the lie. 

Here are the three main reasons why kids tell lies:

1. They Use Their Imaginations to Tell Tall Tales

Does your child ever tell you she rode a unicorn?

Or does your child insist he couldn’t clean his room because he went to the moon? Kids have wonderful imaginations and sometimes, they present their fantasies as truths.

If your child has a habit of telling tall tales, reply to a story by asking, “Is that something that really it happened or is it something you wish would have happened?” A non-judgmental response will encourage your child to acknowledge, “OK, it isn’t actually true, but I wish it were!”

Don’t discourage your child’s imagination. Instead, help your child learn to recognize that she can still tell great stories, as long as she clarifies the stories aren’t true. With practice and coaching, your child can eventually learn to start a fantasy tale by saying, “You know what I wish were true?” or “Imagine if this happened…”

2. They Want to Avoid Consequences

Has your child ever tried to convince you she didn’t eat any cupcakes despite the blue frosting on her face?

Similar to the way an adult may lie to avoid an argument with a spouse, kids often lie to avoid negative consequences.

If you catch your child in a lie, offer one chance to tell the truth. Say, “I’m going to give you a minute to think about it and then I’m going to ask you one more time what really happened.”

Sometimes kids automatically default to a lie when they're afraid they're going to be in trouble. Giving them one more chance provides an opportunity to remember the importance of being honest.

If your child has a habit of lying to stay out of trouble, examine your discipline strategies. Research shows harsh discipline turns kids into good liars so it’s important to consider how you tend to respond to your child’s misbehavior. If your child is fearful of your reaction, she’ll be more likely to tell lies.

3. They Want to Seem 'Cool'

Kids also tell lies because they want to impress other people. A child may tell his friends he got a home run in the baseball game, or he may tell his parents he got the highest math grade in the whole class, even when it’s not true.

Exaggerating the truth—or even outright lying—is often used to mask insecurities. In an attempt to fit in with their peers, kids sometimes insist they’ve either endured similar experiences as their friends, or they attempt to impress their friends with their stories.

A child who doesn’t know how to swim may claim he saw a shark in the ocean or a child who didn’t get a lot of presents for a holiday may make up a long list of expensive gifts he received.

If your child has a habit of lying to look good in front of others, he may need a boost to his self-esteem. Talk to him about the potential consequences of bragging and work on appropriate social skills. Help him find ways to connect with other people without lying about his experiences.

Praise his efforts, not the outcome so that he’ll recognize the value of hard work. For example, rather than praise him for getting the most goals in the soccer game, praise him for trying hard. Reinforce to him that he doesn’t need to be the best in order to gain acceptance from others. 

How to Respond When You Catch Your Child Lying

It may be appropriate to hand out an extra consequence for lying sometimes.

Tell your child, "You are losing your video game for the rest of the day because you didn't do your homework. But because you lied about it, you're also going to lose the TV." 

Make honesty a priority in your home as well. Create a household rule that says, "Tell the truth," and your kids will be more likely to recognize the importance of being honest. 

Sources

Talwar V, Lee K. A Punitive Environment Fosters Children’s Dishonesty: A Natural Experiment. Child Development. 2011;82(6):1751-1758.

Talwar V, Lee K. Social and Cognitive Correlates of Children's Lying Behavior. Child Development. 2008;79(4):866-881.

Xu F, Bao X, Fu G, Talwar V, Lee K. Lying and Truth-Telling in Children: From Concept to Action. Child Development. 2010;81(2):581-596.

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