Types of Hodgkin's & Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma

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There are two main types of lymphoma: Hodgkin's lymphoma and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. While both types of cancer develop in the same way, the single factor that distinguishes the two is a single type of cell — the Reed Sternberg cell. This cancerous cell type is found only in Hodgkin's lymphoma and can be distinguished from other types of lymphoma by the way it appears under a microscope.



Furthermore, Hodgkin's lymphoma and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma grow and spread in different ways. If a lymphoma diagnosis is made and does not contain the Reed-Sternberg variant, cancer can then only be non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.

Hodgkin's Lymphoma

Also called Hodgkin's disease, Hodgkin's lymphoma is cancer of the lymph tissue found in the lymph nodes, spleen, liver, and bone marrow.

Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma

Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma covers a far more broad range of cancer cells. There are about 30 different types of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. These types of lymphoma can be difficult to diagnose as there are so many types. The most common subtypes of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma are:

T-Cell Lymphomas

  • Unspecified T-cell lymphoma

B-Cell Lymphoma

  • Hairy cell leukemia
  • Primary central nervous system lymphoma
  • Splenic marginal zone B-cell lymphoma
  • Lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma
  • Primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma