Types of Psychologists and What They Do

Different types of psychologists
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What are the different types of psychologists and what exactly do they do? When people hear the term psychologist, many immediately imagine a man or woman sitting in an office, scribbling notes while a client sits on a leather fainting couch. Sure there are plenty of psychologists who engage in this type of talk therapy, but people who work in the field of psychology also do a variety of other things.

Did you know that there are psychologists who study how people work and interact with the tools in their environment? Or that some psychologists help athletes become more motivated?

Below is a list of some of the many different types of psychologists and some of the major things that they do.

Specialty areas and related tasks include:

1. Aviation Psychologists

These psychologists study the behavior of pilots and other flight crew members. Aviation psychologists also perform research on airline safety, develop new training equipment and help select suitable employees.

2. Biopsychologists

These psychologists are also sometimes called biological psychologists or physiological psychologists. They study and perform research on the brain and behavior. They also investigate how brain disease and injury impact behavior.

3. Clinical Psychologists

Clinical psychologists assess, diagnose and treat individuals suffering from psychological distress and mental illness.

They also perform psychotherapy and develop treatment plans.

4. Cognitive Psychologists

Cognitive psychologists investigate how people think, including topics such as decision-making and problem-solving.

5. Community Psychologists

This type of psychologist conducts research on community health issues. They also seek to educate the community and develops prevention programs.

6. Comparative Psychologists

Comparative psychologists study the behavior of different species, particularly how animal and human behavior differs.

7. Consumer Psychologists

Also known as marketing psychologists, consumer psychologists research consumer behavior and develop marketing strategies to promote businesses.

8. Counseling Psychologists

Counseling psychologists provide psychotherapy to people suffering from psychological disturbances.

9. Cross-Cultural Psychologists

This type of psychologist looks at how people vary across cultures and how cultural affiliations influence behavior.

10. Developmental Psychologists

Developmental psychologists research human development across the entire lifespan. Some focus on a specific time period such as early childhood, adolescence, adulthood or late adulthood.

11. Educational Psychologists

These psychologists study how people learn and the educational process. Develops instructional strategies and teaching techniques. Studies giftedness as well as learning disabilities.

12. Engineering Psychologists

Engineering psychologists are focused on discovering ways to enhance human abilities by improving machines, equipment, technology and work environments.

13. Environmental Psychologists

Environmental psychologists explore the relationship between people and their surroundings, including natural environments as well as created environments.

14. Forensic Psychologists

Forensic psychologists focus on the relationship between psychology and the law.

15. Health Psychologists

Health psychologists are centered on how psychology, biology, social groups and behavior influence wellness, illness and overall health.

16. Industrial-Organizational Psychologists

I-O psychologists study workplace behavior such as how to select the best employees for particular jobs and how to increase worker productivity.

17. Learning Psychologists

This type of psychologist researches how people learn, factors that influence the learning process and potential obstacles to learning.

18. Military Psychologists

Military psychology concerns practicing psychology in a military setting and can include such things as treating soldiers suffering from mental illness or emotional distress, researching different aspects of military life, and help soldiers transition back to civilian life.

19. Personality Psychologists

Personality psychologists study the different aspects of personality and how individual traits influence an individual's life and behavior.

20. School Psychologists

School psychologists help children cope with emotional, academic, social and behavior problems within the educational system.

21. Social Psychologists

Social psychologists study the behavior of groups including how people behave in groups and being present with others influences individual behavior.

As you can see from these brief descriptions, there are many types of psychologists that focus on a wide variety of human behavior.

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