Understanding Cysts

Kidney cysts are pouches of fluids that form in or on the kidneys. These kidney cysts can be commonly associated with many serious disorders that disrupts kidney function. Kidney cysts are noncancerous cyst are called simple kidney cysts. There are usually no complications associated with simple cysts. This condition has no known cause. Usually one cyst can develop on the surface on one kidney. However, in some instances, there have been multiple cysts found on the kidneys.

These cysts can be easily detected during an imaging tests.

Simple kidney cysts usually do not have any signs or symptoms at first. However, as the kidney cyst grows larger, symptoms can include upper abdominal pain, fever, and a dull pain in the back or side. It is essential to see a doctor when you experience these painful symptoms. Although there is no exact cause found, there are some theories. A theory states that a kidney cysts can develop when the surface layer of the kidney is weak and forms a pouch. This pouch is called a diverticulum. When this particular pouch gets filled with fluids, it detaches and transforms into a cyst.

Anyone can get a kidney cyst; they can occur at any age and any gender. However, older adults are more at risk for developing kidney cysts. Furthermore, simple kidney cysts are more commonly found in men. Kidney cysts is associated to a couple of complications.

If a person has an infected cyst, this means that the kidney cyst has become infected. This infection can result in pain and fever-like symptoms. If a person has a burst cyst, this means that the cyst has erupted and there will be associated back pain and side pain. The final possible kidney cyst complication is urine obstruction.

This is when the kidney cyst blocks the normal flow of urine. This can result in the swelling of the kidneys. This swelling is known as hydronephrosis.

There are two possible diagnosis tests that can be done. Imaging tests such as an ultrasound a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), or computerized tomography (CT) can be used to further look at the kidney cyst. These imaging studies can be used to help the doctor detect whether the mass on the kidney is a tumor or a cyst. Another test that can be done is called a kidney function test. This test is merely a blood sample that can determine whether or not the kidney cyst is disrupting your normal kidney functions.

In the case where you experienced no signs or symptoms of a kidney cyst and you have now experienced any abnormal kidney function, there may be no need for a treatment. However, the doctor may recommend imaging studies, such as an ultrasound, every so often to see whether the kidney cyst has enlarged or not. If the kidney enlarged over time, further treatment will be consulted with you.

However, sometimes, the kidney cyst goes away by it self. If cases where there are signs and symptoms, there area variety of treatment plans. One option is to puncture the cyst, drain it, and then filling it with alcohol. This is when the doctor shrink the cyst by injecting a needle through your skin and into the wall of the kidney cyst. After that, the fluid will be drained. The doctor may fill the cyst with an alcohol-based solution to prevent the reformation of the cyst. The second options is the surgically remove the cyst. A large cyst may require a surgical removal. The surgeon will make a couple of incisions. The, the surgeon will use surgical tools to drain the fluids from the cysts. Finally, the walls of the cysts are cut and burned.

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