What is a Fluent Reader?

12 Characteristics of a Fluent Reader

A fluent reader is able to easily read both out loud and silently. The fluent reader shows the ability to easily read mechanically, expressively, and with comprehension. They read smoothly and quickly and show they understand what they are reading.

12 Characteristics of a Fluent Reader

How do you know whether your child is a fluent reader? There are specific characteristics that separate a fluent reader from his less-fluent counterpart.

You can use these standards to see how your child is progressing with reading fluency.

  • Has very little difficulty decoding text. That is, the fluent reader has excellent phonemic awareness and is able to recognize and read the words before her.
  • Has a large base of core words from which to draw.
  • Has good word attack skills. Word attack skills refer to a child's ability to look at an unknown word and decode it by using her knowledge of the basic components (or phonemes) and the context in which the word lies.
  • Reads without hesitation and with prosody (smoothly and with the correct intonation and pronunciation).
  • Processes more than one word at a time with her eyes.
  • Reads without mouthing or sub-vocalization (reading beneath her breath).
  • Self-corrects or goes back to examine the text when something doesn't seem right.
  • Comprehends what is being read and is able to make predictions and interpretations.
    • Can make connections between different books.
    • Reads a number of different types of books, of varying genres and varying lengths.
    • Uses the vocabulary she has gained in her own writing.
    • Imitates author styles in her own writing.

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