What Is a Henna Tattoo and Is It Safe for My Teen?

Temporary Tattoos are Popular But Risks for Some People

Henna tattoos on open hands
Olga Engelhardt for www.henna-und-mehr.de/Moment/Getty Images

Letting your teen get a henna tattoo when you're on vacation or before a fun event may be tempting. After all, it's not like it's a permanent tattoo.

In fact, you don't even have to be on vacation in a tropical location to get a henna tattoo. Many drug stores sell henna body art kits that allow your teen to create a henna tattoo from the safety of your own home. Kits contain henna paste and teens can apply their tattoos themselves.

While it may seem like a temporary tattoo is harmless fun, there are some potential risks involved. Educate yourself about those risks before letting your teen get a henna tattoo.

What Is Henna? 

Henna is a small flowering shrub. Henna leaves are dried and turned into a fine powder. That powder can be used to dye hair or skin temporarily.

Henna body art has been used to adorn women's bodies in a variety of ceremonies for thousands of years. It's still used in many wedding ceremonies among various cultures. 

Henna Tattoos for Teens

The tattoos are generally an intricate design. They will fade in time, about 2-4 weeks, depending on the type of henna that has been used.

It is close to impossible to remove except through natural fading, so if you allow your teen to get a henna tattoo, know that it will be there for a while.

Some people say you can speed up the fading by applying hydrogen peroxide to the area daily.

But, the results on that are fairly mixed.

Are Henna Tattoos Safe?

The FDA has not yet approved henna for a skin dye in the United States. It is only approved as a form of hair dye. 

It is possible for your teen to have an allergic reaction to henna. If your teen is going to get a tattoo, conduct a small skin test first.

The FDA has warned that some people experience serious skin reactions when a henna tattoo is applied. According to the FDA's website, "reported problems include redness, blisters, raised red weeping lesions, loss of pigmentation, increased sensitivity to sunlight, and even permanent scarring."

It's also important to note that some stains are sold as henna. They often come in bright colors, like blue, green, yellow, or purple. But true henna is an orange, red, or brown color. It's unclear how these stains may affect the skin.

Do Not Use Henna on Someone with G6PD Deficiency

Henna can be dangerous to people with a G6PD deficiency, a condition where the body doesn't have enough of the enzyme glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, which helps red blood cells function.

If your teen has a G6PD deficiency, you may not know it. Many people don't have any symptoms until their red blood cells are exposed to certain triggers. For some, henna can be a trigger, causing a breakdown in red blood cells, resulting in a variety of medical complications. 

It's a genetic condition that is passed along from one or both parents. It's most common in males. Those with African heritage are affected most often, but It can also be common among individuals with Greek, Italian, Arabic, and Sephardic Jewish backgrounds.

 

Making the Decision

Most henna tattoo artists don't require parental permission and most will place body art on children of all ages. So it's important to talk to your teen about any concerns or rules you may have before your teen walks past a shop and decides to get a henna tattoo on her own. 

So while you might admit henna tattoos are fun and they look pretty, warn your teen that serious skin reactions can occur.

Sources

Lazzatto L, Nannelli C, Notaro R. Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase DeficiencyHematology/Oncology Clinics of North America. 2016;30(2):373-393.

Thobile W, Nikosi A.N., Combrinck S., Viljoen A., Cartwright-Jones C. Rapid analysis of the skin irritant p-phenylenediamine (PPD) in henna products using atmospheric solids analysis probe mass spectrometry. Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis. 2016(128):119-125.

U.S. Food and Drug Administration: Temporary Tattoos May Put You At Risk.

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