What Is a Psy.D.?

FAQ About the Psy.D.

PsyD or Doctor of Psychology
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Earning a doctorate degree in psychology is a great way to improve your opportunities for career growth. While you might immediately assume that the PhD degree is your only option, the PsyD degree is a doctoral-level degree that you should definitely consider.

So what exactly is a PsyD and how does it differ from a PhD? Let's take a closer look at what the PsyD. degree entails.

What Is a PsyD?

The PsyD, or Doctor of Psychology, is an applied clinical doctorate degree that is one of the highest-level degrees available in the field of psychology.

Until the late 1960s, the Ph.D. in Psychology was the degree option available for professional psychologists. However, there was some concern that the Doctor of Philosophy degree did not provide adequate preparation for those interested in clinical work. As a result, the Psy.D. degree was developed in the early 1970s as a professional program to train psychologists as practitioners.

What Can You Do With a PsyD?

After earning a PsyD in clinical or counseling psychology and then passing the required licensing exams, an individual can diagnose and treat mental disorders including administering evaluations, conducting psychological tests and providing psychotherapy services.

Individuals with a PsyD can work in a wide variety of settings including hospitals, mental health clinics, government offices and schools. Some professionals choose to open their own psychotherapy practices or work as consultants for private corporations.

How Do You Earn a PsyD?

The educational requirements for the PsyD are designed to train psychologists to utilize their understanding of the science of the mind and behavior to treat and diagnose mental illnesses. Most Psy.D. program take approximately four to seven years to complete, during which students study and practice a wide variety of topics including psychological assessment, diagnosis and clinical interventions.

As with the PhD in Psychology degree, PsyD students must also participate in a supervised practicum as well as a supervised internship in a clinical setting. During the practicum, students usually work part-time under the supervision of a licensed psychologist in a variety of different clinical settings. The internship is a full-time position and usually lasts at least one year. After completing an internship, students are then able to take state and national exams in order to become licensed psychologists.

The American Psychological Association accredits both PsyD and PhD programs. No matter what type of program you are considering, you should definitely check to see if the program is APA accredited. Most state licensing boards require applicants to have completed their degree and supervised internship at an APA accredited institution.

What Are the Similarities Between a PsyD and a PhD?

  • Both programs require between four to seven years to complete.
  • Both programs require an internship.
  • Nearly all PhD and PsyD programs require a doctoral dissertation.

    What Are the Differences Between a PsyD and a PhD?

    • While the PhD is generally more research oriented, the PsyD tends to focus more on professional practice and clinical work.
    • PsyD students usually spend more time learning to administer psychological tests than PhD students do.
    • The PsyD degree typically focuses on preparing students to work as clinicians while the PhD tends to focus more on preparing graduates to work in teaching and research. However, PsyD graduates can also teach at the university level.

    What Are Some Alternatives to the PsyD Degree?

    Before you decide if the PsyD is the right degree for you, it is important to spend some time considering your options. The PsyD can be an excellent choice if you want to focus your energy on being a practitioner of psychology. If you are also interested in conducting research, then you might want to consider the PhD option.

    If you know that you want to work in the field of mental health, but aren’t sure if you want to spend the time and money on a doctorate degree, then there are still plenty of other options to consider. Social work, counseling, school psychology, education and health sciences are other academic options that might also hold some appeal.

    References:

    American Psychological Association. (2002). Graduate study in psychology (2003 ed.). Washington, DC: Author.

    Norcross, J.C. & Castle, P.H. (2002). Appreciating the PsyD: The facts. Eye on Psi Chi, 7(1), 22-26.

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