Sit-Rise Test for Longevity - Life Expectancy Test

What Does This Test Tell Us About Longevity?

mature asian man sitting on floor
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The sit-rise test, also referred to as the chair-rise test and sit-stand test, is an example of a simple test researchers have discovered to be linked to life expectancy. While it's impossible to predict exactly how long each of us will live, researchers have developed tests that offer predictions based on an individual's physical capabilities. This particular test is just one of the many tests researchers use to study longevity.

About the Sit-Rise Test

The sit-rise test was developed in the late 1990s by Brazilian scientist Claudio Gil Soares de Araujo at Gama Filho University in Rio de Janeiro. It's a simple test that uses musculoskeletal fitness to predict mortality.

The test involves going from a standing position to a seated position on the floor, then standing up again, for a one minute period. Participants are scored based on how easily they are able to perform the test, with 10 being the highest score. Points are deducted for using a hand, forearm or knee for more support, and half a point is deducted for generally unstable performance.

Araujo and his colleagues studied approximately 2,000 adults between 51 and 80 years of age. Their results were published in a 2014 issue of the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, which reports that older adults who scored 0 to 3 points had a mortality risk five to six times greater during the study's 6.3-year follow-up period.

Those who scored between 8 and 10 points showed a lower risk of mortality.

British researchers conducted a similar test that involved sitting and standing from a chair. Both research studies found that the top performing participants displayed a lower risk of mortality over the ensuing follow-up study period, compared with those adults who needed more support while sitting and standing, and those who completed fewer sit-rise cycles in the one minute period.

How to Improve Your Own Longevity

The sit-rise test, a predictor of an individual's overall well-being, is just that: a predictor. The test merely measures the probability of mortality, which can be made more or less likely depending on your own habits.

No one lives forever, but there are many things you can do to improve your longevity and the quality of your life. Maintain an active lifestyle and a healthy, balanced diet, stay social within your group of friends, don't stress or smoke, and drink in moderation.


Cooper Rachel, Strand Bjørn Heine, Hardy Rebecca, Patel Kushang V, Kuh Diana. "Physical Capability in Mid-life and Survival over 13 years of Follow-up: British Birth Cohort Study." BMJ 2014; 348 :g2219.

Leonardo Barbosa Barreto de Brito1, Djalma Rabelo Ricardo, Denise Sardinha Mendes Soares de Araujo, Plınio Santos Ramos, Jonathan Myers and Claudio Gil Soares de Araujo. "Ability to sit and rise from the floor as a predictor of all-cause mortality." Eur J Prev Cardiol. 2014 Jul;21(7):892-8. doi: 10.1177/2047487312471759

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