Overview of Urologist Profession

Learn About What Urologists Do, and How to Become a Practicing Urologist

A urologist talks with a patient.
A urologist talks with a patient. Jan-Otto/Getty Images

A urologist is a specific type of medical doctor that specializes in urology. Urologists specialize in treating various urinary tract disorders in men, women, and children. Urologists also specialize in male and female sexual dysfunction and issues. 


Urologists specialize in what is called urology. Urology is the study of the anatomy, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of genitourinary disorders.

 The genitourinary system of the human body includes various disorders, cancers, tumors, deformities, and injuries of the body parts including the kidneys, ureters, bladder, prostate, urethra. If you are having problems with any of these body systems or individual areas of the body, you may need to seek a urologist. 

Areas of Specialization

Urologists have a rather wide range of specialization. They are responsible for being knowledgeable on several body parts and body functions. The organs typically worked on by urologists include:

  • Urethra
  • Urinary Bladder
  • Kidneys
  • Adrenal Glands
  • Ureters
  • Testes
  • Epididymis
  • Vas Deferens
  • Seminal Vesicles
  • Prostate
  • Penis

How to Become a Practicing Urologist

In order to become a practicing urologist, a doctor must satisfy certain requirements.

After meeting these requirements, a urologist can apply for certification from the American Board of Urology. Generally, a high-quality urologist will apply for certification within the first few years after completing training.

If the urologist goes on for subspecialty training, upon completion, the urologist will seek Board certification.

Picking a urologist can be a daunting task,but it is important to choose wisely. You have to be comfortable with the urologist you select, as you may have to share a lot of personal information with him or her.

It is crucial to be up front and honest with your urologist, thus it is important to select one that you trust and are comfortable with.

Before you go in for your first visit to a urologist, it is important to take the time to prepare for the visit. If you and your urologist are discussing issues pertaining surgery, before your visit, gather together your questions. 

More Urology Information


Kogan BA, Trustees of the American Board of Urology. Demystifying the ABU (and interpreting the alphabet soup of acronyms associated with it). Can J Urol 2008 15(6):4349-52.

Shortliffe, L. Certification, recertification, and maintenance: continuing to learn. Urol Clin N Amer 2009 36:1:79-83.

Tanagho EA, McAninch. JW. Smith’s General Urology. 17th ed. New York: McGraw Hill, 2008.

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