What is Enriched Food?

White bread
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An enriched food is a product to which nutrients have been added. Typically, the added nutrients were present in the food in its original form, but were removed at some point during processing. White bread is an example of an enriched food because certain vitamins are added after the bleaching process depletes them.

Examples: Pasta made with enriched white flour is an enriched food.

What Are Enriched Foods?

Enriched foods sound healthy.

 The word "enriched" makes it seem like something special has been added to the food to make it better. That definition of enriched foods isn't wrong. But it's not completely accurate, either.

Many enriched foods have had ingredients removed and then added back in. For example, food makers may add B vitamins or iron that was lost during the food manufacturing process. Many people confuse enriched foods with fortified foods. According to the University of Chicago, fortified foods are foods in which nutrients have simply been added, not replaced.

According to the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, enriched foods and other functional foods "have a potentially beneficial effect on health when consumed as part of a varied diet on a regular basis at effective levels based on significant standards of evidence."  In short, that means that enriched foods may be part of a healthy diet that includes a variety of different types of food.

Fortified and Enriched Food Examples

To see if the food you eat contains enriched ingredients, simply check below the Nutrition Facts Label and scan the list of ingredients.  Look for ingredients that include the word "enriched." Many enriched foods are made with enriched flour. Cereals may be enriched with iron or you may see that your bread is made with enriched ingredients.

Pasta and tortillas might also be enriched foods.

You might also see the word "fortified" on the front of the package. For example, your orange juice may advertise that it is "fortified with calcium" or your cereal might brag that it is "fortified with iron." Or you may see the more general claim “fortified with essential vitamins and minerals.”  These statements all mean that ingredients have been added to increase the nutritional value of the food.

Are Enriched Foods Healthy?

Enriched foods can be part of a healthy diet, but enriched foods aren't necessarily or always healthy. And enriched foods may not be better for your diet than foods that are not enriched. 

For example, you may find yourself in the bakery aisle of your grocery store trying to choose a healthy bread. You can select a white bread made with enriched flour or you can choose a whole what bread made with whole grains. The enriched bread may have certain nutrients added after processing. These nutrients might be healthy for your body.

The whole grain bread may not be enriched, but that is probably because nutrients were never stripped from bread during processing. So those nutrients don't have to be added back in. 

If you get enough vitamins and minerals in your diet already, you may not need enriched food. The whole grain bread mentioned in the example above may be a better choice for many healthy eaters because it increases your daily fiber intake

As the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics statement recommends, functional foods like enriched products can be part of a healthy diet. But it is the entire diet and not just a single food that promotes good health and wellness.

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