What is Thanatology?

Female doctor studying books
What does thanatology mean and who becomes a thanatologist?. Photo © Alejandro Rivera/E+/Getty Images

Thanatology Definition

Thanatology comprises the formal academic and/or scientific study of dying, death and how human beings respond to the inevitability of their mortality and the reality of loss across a wide spectrum of professional or educational disciplines.

The field of thanatology is very broad and generally shaped by the particular interests/professional occupations of those who engage in this study.

For example, from the scientific perspective, a medical examiner, coroner, doctor, nurse or other medical practitioner might study thanatology in order to better understand what physically happens to the human body immediately after death occurs.

On the other hand, those engaged in the social sciences -- such as psychologists, archaeologists or cultural historians -- might study thanatology in order to better understand the rites, rituals and ceremonies human beings use/have used to honor and remember loved ones who die from an individual or societal/cultural perspective.

Who Becomes a Thanatologist?

There is no single or standardized course of study in thanatology that attracts a particular type of person or group of people. As noted above, dying, death and how human beings respond to the inevitability of their mortality and cope with the reality of loss can be viewed from a wide range of perspectives.

Therefore, those who study thanatology studies can include, among others:

• Archaeologists

• Clergy members

• Coroners/Medical Examiners

• Doctors/Physicians

• Educators

• Funeral Directors/Embalmers

• Grief Counselors

• Hospice personnel

• Hospital/Mental-health professionals

• Nurses

• Philosophers

• Psychologists

• Social workers

• Sociologists

In general, anyone who studies thanatology desires to learn or better understand the reality of human mortality from a physical, psychological or sociological point of view, and how it can impact his or her chosen profession.

How Can I Become a Thanatologist?

Because of its broad scope/spectrum of study, there is no single or standardized educational course in thanatology. Instead, numerous colleges, universities, for-profit and not-for-profit organizations, and other businesses or institutions offer formal instructional and/or certification programs.

For example, the Association for Death Education and Counseling offers certification in thanatology, as does the American Institute of Health Care Professionals. The focus and requirements of these two programs vary widely, however, which again emphasizes both the broad nature of thanatology and the fact that you should research certificate/certification opportunities that focus on your specific desires/needs, whether personally or professionally, from your perspective.

Word Origin of Thanatology

Our modern English word thanatology derives from two Greek words:

"Thanatos" meant "death" in ancient Greece and originated from a much older Proto-Indo-European term meaning "to disappear or die."

"-logy" derives from the Greek term "-logia," which meant "to speak" -- as in one who speaks or treats of a certain subject.

Additional Reading:
What is Thanatophobia?
Common Death Fears
Could a "Death Café" Alleviate Your Fears?
Inspiring Words About Fearing Death
What is a Phobia?

Sources:
"thanato-". Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved February 6, 2016. http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=thanato-

"-logy (n.)". Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved February 21, 2016. http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=-logy

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