Which STDs are Nationally Notifiable Diseases?

Hospital staff discussing patient charts
SelectStock / Getty Images

Question: Which STDs are Nationally Notifiable Diseases?

Nationally notifiable diseases are diseases that doctors are required to report to the CDC. Reporting these diseases to the government allows for their incidence to be monitored and tracked. That, hopefully, makes it easier for the government to intervene sooner rather than later.

Disease reporting allows the government to efficiently become aware of outbreaks so they can improve the likelihood of an early intervention. It is designed to balance privacy with the public's health.


There are several sexually transmitted diseases on the nationally notifiable diseases reporting list. As of July 30, 2015, the reportable STDs are:

STDs are not nationally notifiable diseases because the government wants to invade your privacy. They're nationally notifiable diseases because the government has a vested interest in protecting the public health. It is theoretically possible to reduce the spread of STDs with regular screening, prompt treatment, and efficient contact tracing. Therefore, the government wants to be aware of any concentrated epidemics or new outbreaks.

This allows them to intervene with prevention and/or treatment measures most efficiently.

For example, it was at least in part due to national disease reporting systems that scientists became aware of the HIV epidemic among heterosexual, African American residents of Washington DC. The population of the nation's capital, in the first decade of the 21st century, had HIV levels similar to those seen in Sub Saharan Africa.

This realization has led to a number of targeted interventions designed at improving prevention, testing, and treatment in the District.


Castel AD, Choi S, Dor A, Skillicorn J, Peterson J, Rocha N, Kharfen M. Comparing Cost-Effectiveness of HIV Testing Strategies: Targeted and Routine Testing in Washington, DC. PLoS One. 2015 Oct 14;10(10):e0139605. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0139605.

CDC. Nationally Notifiable Conditions. Accessed 2/3/2011. http://www.cdc.gov/ncphi/disss/nndss/phs/files/NNC_2011_Notification_Requirements_By_Category.pdf

CDC. 2015 Nationally Notifiable Conditions. Accessed 12/9/2015. http://wwwn.cdc.gov/nndss/conditions/notifiable/2015/

CDC. MMWR: Summary of Notifiable Infectious Diseases. Accessed 12/9/2015. http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/mmwr_nd/index.html

Cohen SM, Gray KM, Ocfemia MC, Johnson AS, Hall HI. The status of the National HIV Surveillance System, United States, 2013. Public Health Rep. 2014 Jul-Aug;129(4):335-41.

Greenberg AE, Hader SL, Masur H, Young AT, Skillicorn J, Dieffenbach CW. Fighting HIV/AIDS in Washington, D.C. Health Aff (Millwood). 2009 Nov-Dec;28(6):1677-87. doi: 10.1377/hlthaff.28.6.1677.

Magnus M, Kuo I, Shelley K, Rawls A, Peterson J, Montanez L, West-Ojo T, Hader S, Hamilton F, Greenberg AE. Risk factors driving the emergence of a generalized heterosexual HIV epidemic in Washington, District of Columbia networks at risk. AIDS. 2009 Jun 19;23(10):1277-84. doi: 10.1097/QAD.0b013e32832b51da.

Continue Reading