Reasons Why Young Adults Use Marijuana

Identifying motivations can help experts develop appropriate interventions

teens smoking marijuana
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According to the National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 30 percent of young adults (between the ages of 18 and 25) used marijuana in the last year. 

This eye-opening statistic supports the importance of developing interventions that target people in young adulthood, which is the prime time when marijuana is being introduced and habits are forming.

But in order for experts to develop effective interventions, they need to understand exactly why young adults use marijuana.

Reasons Why Young Adults Use Marijuana

Based on research, here are some potential reasons why a young adult may smoke or ingest marijuana:

Peer Pressure

Peer pressure is an obvious reason that young adults begin smoking marijuana. As a person adjusts to high school, college, or a new job or vocation, he or she is forming new friendships and sorting out his or her personal identity and way of socializing.

The bottom line here is that a person's social environment, during a vulnerable time of transition, can be particularly influential when it comes to experimenting with marijuana.

That peer group, however, is not limited to their friends at school, but also to members of their own families. In other words, when a young adult witnesses older members of their family using marijuana, that can be a big influence.

Besides peers and family, pop culture is another means of peer pressure. Teens and young adults often think it's "cool" to use marijuana because they hear songs about it, and see people using it on television or in movies.

Believe Marijuana Is Harmless

Due to the fact that there are few research studies examining the detrimental health effects of long-term marijuana use, many people perceive marijuana as "harmless," potentially making it more appealing than tobacco or other illicit drugs. 

However, there are both psychological and physical health effects of using marijuana.

Short-term use of marijuana may lead to memory and thinking problems, loss of coordination, anxiety, and altered senses.

Long-term marijuana use has been found to increase a person's heart rate, increase their risk for lung infections, weaken their immune system, and be associated with temporary hallucinations and paranoia.

In addition, compared to people who do not use marijuana, those who use it report poorer physical and mental health, more relationship problems, and lower life satisfaction. 

Lastly, marijuana use can develop into a substance abuse disorder, and with severe use, can lead to addiction. 

Availability and Opportunity

Availability is a key factor when it comes to marijuana use in young adults. 

Unfortunately for a growing number of today's young adults, obtaining marijuana is becoming even easier, as more states make it legal for medical and recreational use.

Having the opportunity to smoke also contributes to the increased use of marijuana, especially in college-aged students where there are less adult supervision and more privacy.

In fact, according to the  National College Health Assessment, nearly 40 percent of college students have tried marijuana, and marijuana use increases during the college years, with more college seniors using marijuana than college freshmen.

Other Potential Reasons Why Young People Use Marijuana

According to a study in the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, besides the reasons mentioned above, young people may also use marijuana for the following reasons:

  • To feel good and get high
  • Out of boredom or to get through the day
  • To relax or relieve tension
  • To seek deeper insights or understanding
  • To  ease anger or frustration
  • To increase (or decrease) the effects of other drugs
  • To escape problems or troubles
  • Because of being "hooked" on marijuana

A Word From Verywell

A young adult's motivation for using marijuana matters because it influences whether or not they may go on to have problems with marijuana, like a substance abuse disorder.

For instance, a motive like experimentation is linked to less marijuana use and fewer future marijuana problems, whereas using marijuana to cope is a strong predictor of marijuana problems in the future.

In the end, gaining knowledge about young adults' motivations to using marijuana is the first step to developing effective strategies for preventing marijuana use in the first place, and stopping use if a person has already begun.

Sources:

American College Health Association National College Health Assessment II. Spring 2015. Reference Group Executive Summary.

National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2017). Marijuana. 

Patrick ME, Bray BC, Berglund PA. Reasons for marijuana use among young adults and long-term associations with marijuana use and problems. J Stud Alcohol Drugs. 2016 Nov;77(6):881-88.

Stewart MW, Moreno MA. Changes in attitudes, interventions, and behaviors toward tobacco and marijuana during U.S. students' first year of college.Tob Use Insights. 2013;6:7-16.

Substance Abuse Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality. (2016). Results from the 2015 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Detailed Tables.

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