Will an IUD Alter a Pregnancy Test?

Positive Pregnancy Test with an IUD

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An intrauterine device (IUD) is a form of birth control. This device is placed inside the uterus via the cervix. It stays put for several years or until you decide to have it removed. There are many kinds of IUDs available. These are stable and reliable methods of birth control for many women. However, as with any birth control, there is a chance that you can get pregnant, even if you have an IUD and you are using it correctly.

Will an IUD alter a pregnancy test?

A pregnancy test works by screening your urine or blood for the presence of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG). hCG is secreted when you are pregnant. An IUD should not change the results of a pregnancy test, since even the IUDs with hormones don't have hCG in them, which is what a pregnancy test looks for in its processing the test. Symptoms like pain, bleeding and nausea can be caused by the IUD or hormones that may be in it. You should report to your doctor to ensure that your IUD is correctly placed and to discuss the side effects from your IUD.

Questions to Ask Yourself About Pregnancy with an IUD

If you have an IUD and you are using it correctly. You will want to know when a pregnancy test would be a good thing. Ask yourself:

Why do you think you're pregnant? Signs of pregnancy with an IUD would be the same, with or without the IUD. So if you have missed your period or simply feel pregnant - go ahead and take a pregnancy test.

If the test is negative you can wait a fwe days to a week and test again or go see your doctor or midwife. If the pregnancy test is positive, you will want to make an appointment immediately with your doctor or midwife.

Pregnancy with an IUD

There are risks to a pregnancy with an IUD in place. You will have an increased risk of miscarriage if you get pregnant while using an IUD.

That risk does get lower if you have the IUD removed as soon as the pregnancy is confirmed, but it is still higher than if you haven't had the IUD. There is also an increased risk of ectopic pregnancy (tubal pregnancy) if you have an IUD in place.

If you can't have the IUD removed or you opt not to have it removed (Removing the IUD can cause a miscarriage.), you may also be at an increased risk of other pregnancy complications. This can include preterm birth and infection.

Next Steps with a Positive Pregnancy Test and an IUD

If you have a positive pregnancy test and you have an IUD, call your doctor or midwife immediately. Let the know that you have an IUD and that you are pregnant. They will have you come in to discuss your options that are based on your medical history. The longer you wait, the more risks there are to you, your pregnancy, and the baby. It should be said that some women will be able to have a baby without any problems or complications with an IUD in place when they got pregnant. Remember that an increased risk is not a guarantee of a poor outcome.


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