Zovirax: Treatment for Cold Sores, Shingles and Chickenpox

Different Antiviral Treatments for Cold Sores Explained

A cold sore on the lips.
A cold sore on the lips.. Jelena Popic/Getty Images

Zovirax is a prescription medication drug (also known under the generic drug name, Acyclovir) that is used to treat cold sores, shingles, chickenpox and sometimes genital herpes. These infections are caused by the herpes simplex and herpes zoster viruses, and though the drug does not cure the infections, Acyclovir can decrease the severity and length of the outbreaks.

Zovirax, Valtrex and Famvir: Antiviral Medications on the Market

Zovirax is the oldest of the antiviral medications out there, as it has been available since 1982 in the topical form as an ointment cream, and since 1985 as a pill.

The cream formulation for topical administration should be applied 5 times per day for 4 days. Now Acyclovir is available in a generic form and is the only antiviral available as intravenous medication.

There are 2 other FDA approved drugs on the market that treat the herpes virus: Valacyclovir (brand name Valtrex) and Famciclovir (brand name Famvir).

Valtrex, manufactured by GlaxoSmithKline, was approved by the FDA in 1995 and was the 2nd antiviral medication to come to market in the USA. Valtrex comes in pill form and is a prodrug of acyclovir (meaning that the body converts it to acyclovir after it has been absorbed). Valtrex delivers acyclovir more efficiently, allowing the body to absorb much of the drug. This has the added advantage of needing less administration throughout the day.

Famvir is manufactured by Novartis and is also a well absorbed prodrug. The body converts Famvir into the long acting antiviral drug penciclovir that can be taken less frequently than acyclovir.

How Zovirax (Acyclovir) Treats Cold Sores

Cold sores, also known as herpes labialis or fever blisters, are highly infectious sores on the lip and outer edge of the mouth.

Cold sore outbreaks heal faster when Acyclovir is taken, compared to letting the virus run its course. New sores are also kept from forming and associated pain and itching of cold sores are also decreased.

Acyclovir may also help reduce how long the pain remains after the sores have healed.

For those with a weakened immune system and more frequent outbreaks, Acyclovir can reduce the number of future episodes and decrease the risk of more serious infections from instances where the virus spreads to other parts of the body (such as the eyes).

Why Cold Sores Keep Coming Back

Zovirax is an antiviral drug but it is not a cure for the herpes virus. The viruses that cause these infections continue to live in the body even when symptoms and outbreaks are not visible.

Antiviral medications work best when started at the first sign of an outbreak, as directed by your doctor. It may not work as well if you delay treatment. Treatment should be started as early as possible following the first onset of signs and symptoms (such as tingling or itch, or when lesions first appear).

Keeping the amount of antiviral drugs in your body at a constant level is crucial in fighting the virus. For this reason, be sure to take your medication at evenly spaced intervals, at the same times each day.

Continue taking the full prescribed amount of your medication, even if your symptoms go away after a few days. Do not change your dose or skip any doses, follow the advice of your doctor.

Be sure to tell your doctor if your condition persists or worsens even after you have finished your prescribed medication dosage.

Source:

eMed Expert. Comparison of Herpes Antiviral Drugs. Accessed Feb 24, 2016.

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